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What is beta-caryophyllene (BCP)?

The cannabis plant is anything but simple. With some strains thought to contain more than 400 individual compounds in all, these are then split up into various classifications. 

There are cannabinoids, which cover cannabidiol (CBD), delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and other compounds that are essentially unique to marijuana, such as cannabigerol (CBG) and cannabinol (CBN). There are also flavonoids, which are present in various fruits and vegetables and have antoxidant effects. And then there are terpenes, of which beta-caryophyllene (BCP) is one: these are beneficial compounds found in all kinds of plants, including hemp and mariuana. 

BCP is not just a regular terpene, but perhaps the most powerful of all. Non-intoxicating and compared to CBD by many, BCP stands above other terpenes such as beta-pinene, limonene, humulene and myrcene. BCP possesses anti-inflammatory properties, and may also improve mental wellbeing, boasting anti-anxiety and antidepressant effects. In addition to cannabis and hemp, the terpene pops up in black pepper, basil, copaiba, oregano, lavender, clove, rosemary and more. It features often in essential oils and bath oils, as a wonderful, natural health booster.  

This post will discuss: 

  • The physical health benefits of BCP
  • The mental health benefits of BCP  
  • How BCP complements CBD 
  • Cannabis strains with a high BCP content 
  • Why natural cannabis and hemp extracts are preferable to synthetics

If you have only ever paid attention to the cannabinoid content in strains, this article will open your eyes to the value of terpenes, too! 

Understanding how CBD interacts with BCP 

In the vast majority of hemp and marijuana strains, there will be some interaction between CBD and BCP. Hemp contains large quantities of CBD, whereas cannabis tends to have lower levels of CBD, and increased amounts of THC. Whatever the strain, if it has a spicy scent to it, the chances are it contains a healthy concentration of BCP. 

You can find BCP online and offline, legally. Hemp-based, full-spectrum CBD extracts also contain rich amounts of BCP. These naturally contain terpenes, unlike CBD-isolate products. Some CBD manufacturers use isolate extracts and add terpene essential oils in afterwards. Brands will sometimes take this opportunity to add in BCP, as an elevation terpene to enhance a product’s therapeutic value. 

Some say that BCP essentially mimics the effects of CBD – but this is an oversimplification. It’s true that both compounds have influence over the CB2 receptors in the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which manage inflammation. However, BCP’s impact has more in common with THC’s than CBD’s. 

BCP reduces inflammation by binding to CB2 receptors as an agonist. This has a direct anti-inflammatory (or immunomodulatory) effect. But CBD is a CB2 receptor antagonist – its therapeutic effect on these receptors comes from regulating endocannabinoid levels. These naturally-produced compounds are able to bind with CB2 receptors to modulate inflammation. The differences of CBD and BCP on CB2 receptors all comes down to the chemical structure of each molecule. 

What is BCP good for? 

We’ve talked about how BCP is an effective anti-inflammatory alternative. And we’ll delve deeper into the conditions BCP-infused CBD products are good for in this section. But let’s also turn our attention to the potential analgesic, anxiolytic and antidepressant benefits of the terpene. 

BCP for anxiety 

In 2014, the scientific journal Physiology and Behavior published a paper showing how BCP could be used to alleviate anxiety and depression in mice, using the CB2 receptor mechanism. This is somewhat unexpected, since the CB2 receptor is associated with inflammation, and not anxiety, which is largely considered to be regulated by GABA neurotransmitters and the serotonin system. 

However, this raises the possibility that inflammation to certain areas of the brain contributes to increased anxiogenic behavior. Treating anxiety, therefore, may require healing the brain physically, as well as chemically. It’s feasible that BCP and CBD have a role to play here.  

BCP for depression 

The beneficial effect of this compound for depression is a curious one, particularly as it is exerted at the CB2 receptor. A growing train of thought among neurological researchers is that depression may be exacerbated by inflammation. Indeed, research on CBD has repeatedly demonstrated how, as an anti-inflammatory, CBD works to ease depressive symptoms for as long as a week, from a single dose. Since we know that BCP regulates inflammation, it’s not a huge stretch to say this is how it produces an antidepressant effect. That said, further tests, involving neuroimaging, will help us to learn more

Another study, featured in the Journal of Medicinal Food in 2019, showed how BCP could reduce “depressive-like behavior” in diabetic mice. Rodents are popular for testing experimental drugs because our own brains have much in common with them. Some of the ground-breaking CBD studies on depression and mental disorders have been conducted on rodents. 

BCP for inflammation and the digestive tract

BCP is sometimes referred to as a dietary cannabinoid. As a CB2 receptor agonist, we have already discussed how the terpene can be used to reduce inflammation. This mechanism may also be key to improving functioning in the digestive tract. Research has shown how CB2 receptor agonists, such as endocannabinoids, THC and BCP are effective at preventing experimental colitis, by easing inflammation. Advocates of the gut-brain connection via the vagus nerve may also argue that a healthy digestive tract is vital to improving mental health. If so, CBD and BCP products may be useful here. 

BCP for pain

THC is a powerful analgesic and CBD also boasts some intriguing painkilling effects. The value of non-intoxicating, CBD-rich hemp products may be boosted further in strains that have plenty of BCP. Studies show that the terpene is effective at relieving pain, once again by acting at the CB2 receptor. Given the double up of analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties, this may make a BCP and CBD combination great at tackling both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

BCP for Parkinson’s disease 

A 2014 study in the Swiss journal Pharmaceuticals brought to light the compound’s intriguing neuroprotective effects. The study focussed on how the terpene may have medicinal value for Parkinson’s disease, a debilitating neurodegenerative disorder. The study showed how taking BCP helped to limit the loss of dopaminergic neurons which typifies the condition. BCP also reduced the spread of inflammatory cytokines in the brain. 

The investigation was conducted on a murine (rodent) model, and appears to be the first of its kind. However, it provides food for thought for those studying Parkinson’s, with BCP being a non-intoxicating terpenes that could be combined with other safe, natural compounds like CBD as a neuroprotective medicine. 

We need more research

We should note these are preliminary findings. There is little – if any – clinical evidence to support BCP. However, while researchers may only have been studying BCP in small trials, the effects are intriguing. Furthermore, since BCP’s effects are administered in the ECS, this is clearly an area of science that has not been explored extensively. ECS science has only progressed since the 1990s, which was when the system was discovered. Researchers have made huge disoveries about CBD and THC in the past 30 years. With more funding, the same could perhaps happen with BCP. We simply need more studies to know for sure. If anything is true, it’s that there is still much we don’t know about the human body.

Strains with high levels of BCP

CBD users who want to benefit from BCP should stick with CBD-rich hemp flower, or a product that has been explicitly made with a full-spectrum extract, or a CBD-isolate and terpene mix. In this section, we will focus on strains of marijuana that have rich levels of BCP.

OG Kush

This is a famous strain of weed that comes from Florida, with its roots in the age-old Hindu Kush plants from Asia. OG Kush has increasingly been used to make several other strains which carry the OG name, such as Tahoe OG. An indica-dominant strain with a woody and earthy taste, OG Kush is great for leaving you feeling happy and relaxed. Commonly used to remedy stress, depression and pain, it’s likely that the increased quantities of BCP provide a nice beneficial effect here.  

White Widow

A top-selling hybrid strain that originated in the Netherlands, White Widow is a strain comprised from an Indian indica and a Brazilian sativa. The strain has been used to help cultivate several other modern-day favorites, including White Russian and Blue Widow. But many still prefer the classic hybrid that is White Widow. 

This strain is woody and flowery in its taste, and just as with OG Kush, promotes a feeling of happiness and relaxation. Ease pain, manage depression, boost mood and alleviate stress with White Widow. It’s also great for busting fatigue. If this BCP-rich strain has any drawbacks, it’s that it may cause dry mouth and dry eyes.

Super Silver Haze 

This is an award-winning sativa strain that managed a three-peat at the High Times Cannabis Cup from 1997 to 1999. Super Silver Haze’s genetics help to pump up your energy levels, leaving you feeling physically and mentally refreshed. Stressed out or demotivated? A few tokes on Super Silver Haze will soon have you feeling great again.

Super Silver Haze has an eclectic mixture of earthy, sweet and citrusy flavors. With BCP a utility terpene in this strain, we can surely attribute the compound to providing those earthy tastes. 

Death Star

This strain has a slightly scary name but it’s nothing to be afraid of! This indica-dominant strain is made with a delightful combo of Sour Diesel and Sensi Star. This is a really potent strain. While many users report the effects as slow to hit, once they do, you sure know about it. Death Star has a diesel-like flavor from, of course, the Sour Diesel, but it’s the earthiness that overpowers all, thanks to the BCP packing a serious punch.

Try Death Star if you want deep relaxation after a long day at work, if you want a great night’s sleep, or to put yourself in a good mood when chilling either alone or with friends. 

BCP shows why natural cannabis extracts beat synthetics 

There is a raging debate in the cannabis industry about whether natural or synthetic extracts work best. Synthetic advocates suggest that we know which cannabinoids are needed, and that we can simply use these to make medicinal cannabinoid oils. But this ignores the potential benefits of other compounds in cannabis, that haven’t been studied much, but do appear to have benefits. Just a glance at the smattering of studies on BCP shows it has potential.

You may not see BCP at pharmacies as a medicine, but it’s a fantastic supplement. If you want to enjoy its benefits, get hold of one of the aforementioned marijuana strains, or pick up a full-spectrum CBD product today. 

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Are CBD and cannabis inhalers the future?

Technological advancements mean that humans now have more ways than ever before to consume cannabis products. Gone are the days when the only way to get a hit of THC or CBD was in a joint. Today, users can enjoy cannabis extracts in vape pens, syrups, creams and even concentrated products such as wax. And now, we could be about to see the next progression in the industry with CBD and cannabis inhalers. 

Inhalers don’t just promise to give us a new way of taking medical cannabis, but they may also be set to transform and legitimize the industry. At present, cannabis still has a few credibility problems – vaping e-liquids, gorging on edibles and smoking joints aren’t exactly typical ways of medicating. 

In this post, we’ll delve into just why the world of cannabis has its sights set on inhalers, detailing why this method of drug delivery is so effective. We’ll look at the conditions inhalers could be used for, and look at the success of CBD inhalers in clinical trials we already have access to. Read on to learn about the following, and more:

  • Why there is a demand for CBD and cannabis inhalers 
  • The effectiveness of CBD inhalers to quit smoking
  • Whether cannabis and CBD inhalers for asthma work 
  • Why vapor is a better way to deliver medicine than smoke
  • Why CBD and cannabis inhalers are an efficient way to medicate

Introducing inhalers

Maximizing the therapeutic potential of cannabis doesn’t just come down to getting the dosage right – the method of consumption is critical, too. For example, an anxiety patient would ultimately get relief from a CBD capsule or edible, but they could do so much more efficiently with an infused vape pen, or indeed a cannabis vapor inhaler. 

Vapor is great as a way of getting the benefits of cannabinoids, as the active ingredients are afforded direct entry into the bloodstream. For cannabinoids to start having an effect, they must begin interacting with receptors – notably cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system (ECS). With vapor, this process can start within seconds; Effects with edibles and capsules are delayed for up to 30 minutes or even longer in those with slow metabolisms. 

Not to mention, inhalers that release vapor are considerably healthier than smoking CBD or marijuana in a pipe, bong or joint. This cigarette alternative means it could ultimately be adopted not only by those who would use a traditional inhaler. But also by anyone who wants to take cannabis or its non-intoxicating derivatives without doing untold damage to the lungs. Some research also suggests that the bioavailability of cannabinoids is higher in vapor than in smoke. This makes a dose of both CBD and THC more effective. Moreover, in smoking, many of the cannabinoids are lost before they even make it into the body, due to the combusting plant material at the end of a joint.

Inhalers are discreet and convenient 

Discretion can also play a role for users when finding a preferred cannabis or CBD product. This particularly applies for those who live in areas where marijuana or CBD isn’t socially accepted, even if it is legal. Lighting up a joint, even one containing just CBD, isn’t going to go down well in public spaces. However, a hand-held herbal inhaler that is small, and pumps out only inoffensive vapor with no weed smell. So it won’t attract any ire from passersby. This works for all parties involved. No one has to put up with smelling cannabis odor, and users can medicate with confidence wherever they are. These inhalers look exactly the same as any other inhaler. 

Furthermore, inhalers are even better than regular vaporizers, including from renowned brands like PAX. That’s because these tend to be metered dose inhalers, which emit a set amount of CBD, THC or both with each puff. This has been one drawback of regular vaporizers, where users have to manually fill up a refillable vape tank with e-liquid, and use some guesswork to get the dosage right. Inhalers require less maintenance than vaporizers. The latter require regularly clean. This is to ensure vapor always tastes great.

Scientists have been using cannabis inhalers for years 

The cannabis industry and regular users are yet to really get their hands on inhalers – except for in some of the most progressive states like Colorado. But inhalers have actually been in development, and used in cannabis and CBD-related scientific research for years. Their popularity stems from it being the fastest and safest way to inhale vapor, even better than standard vaporizers which are compatible with dry herbs. With a cannabis inhalation aerosol, the user can inhale pure CBD or THC, and none of the other stuff that may be contained – and potentially be harmful – within the plant. 

CBD inhaler for smoking addiction 

One interesting study involving CBD inhalers looked at how the non-psychoactive cannabinoid may help smokers to give up. Participants were split into two groups and given inhalers, one with CBD and the other a placebo, without knowing which. Both groups were told to use the inhaler whenever they started to crave a cigarette. The CBD inhaler group ended up smoking 40 percent less than the placebo group over the course of a week. This small trial suggested that CBD’s anti-addictive effects, in regard to nicotine, go beyond mere placebo. The findings were featured in the Addictive Behaviors journal back in 2013. 

Cannabis asthma inhaler 

Asthma is an inflammatory condition, although it may also be an autoimmune disease. Cannabinoids – primarily CBD and THC – have emerged as possible treatments for asthma because of their anti-inflammatory benefits. Cannabinoids are also helpful for improving immune system functioning, according to research carried out on the CB2 receptor in the ECS. Interestingly, the concept of cannabis being used for asthma dates back before the plant’s prohibition in the early 20th century. Asthma patients were taking cannabis for their condition as early as the 1800s.

There is a certain irony in cannabis being a potential treatment for asthma, especially since most people today still associate marijuana as a substance that is smoked, first and foremost. But that is changing, with 21st century science revolutionizing the cannabis plant and its uses. We now know more conclusively than ever that cannabinoids have medical value. But we are still learning how to harness them. 

Treating asthma has always been a challenge of managing and preventing symptoms, given there is no cure for the condition at present. Traditional nasal inhalers work in one of two ways for asthma. Reliever inhalers are used during an asthma attack. This is when airways become inflamed and blocked. Then there are preventer inhalers which work to stop asthma symptoms from manifesting in the first place. There are also inhalers which fulfil both roles – known as combination inhalers. CBD and cannabis essential oil inhalers would likely have a combining effect. Scientists have found that vaporized marijuana dilates bronchi in the lungs. This makes it easier for the patient to breathe.  

Possible future uses for CBD and cannabis inhalers 

Let’s expand on the anti-inflammatory effects of cannabinoid to propose some future uses for cannabis inhalers. Arthritis springs to mind. The inflammatory condition (or autoimmune disease in the case of rheumatoid arthritis) causes pain and affects mobility. The convenience of a cannabis vapor inhalor would give confidence back to patients. No longer would they feel as reluctant to go out and enjoy life, if they could get pain and inflammation relief from a quick puff or two. 

Marijuana’s natural chemicals have a profound effect on the immune system. The regulating influence they exert via the ECS is unlike other compounds. It’s what helps to promote a balance between reduced inflammation, which is key for relieving symptoms, without essentially deactivating the immune system, a move that would cause other health problems.  

Inhalers for anxiety 

Anxiety patients could also benefit from a CBD inhaler, because of the quick symptom relief and maximum discretion. Many who suffer from anxiety do so publicly in the form of social anxiety. Generalized anxiety disorder can also strike at any time. Having the power to reduce symptoms with a handheld gadget that releases a specific quantity of CBD on-demand would be extremely welcome for those affected by the condition. 

Knowing that relief is just a moment away would allow anxiety patients to start taking back control of their life. For many, the threat of an anxiety attack stops them from going out and taking part in activities they would otherwise enjoy, due to fear of embarrassment. And with a discreet form of medication such as an inhaler, patients can medicate without having to explain to others what they are doing. That inhalers are already a societal norm makes them great for anyone with an illness they need to treat in the outside world, but discreetly.  

Where are CBD and cannabis inhalers for sale?

Cannabis inhalers are inevitably going to be very restricted at this point, because they contain THC. These products could technically be prescribed as medicine in states where medical cannabis has been embraced. It may also be possible for regular cannabis users to find them at recreational dispensaries. Cannabis inhaler prices will vary, depending on THC quantity and the CBD to THC ratio. Flavored products are available, too. But don’t expect to find too many flavored devices. Inhalers mark a more professional and serious way of taking cannabis sativa extracts.

Hemp-derived CBD inhalers are technically legal. The federal government has permitted this type of CBD through the relaxation of hemp laws. This has come from the signing of farm bills by both the Obama and Trump administrations. CBD inhalers with less than 0.3% THC are legal. Some contain a pure CBD-isolate extract. Others have traces of cannabigerol (CBG) and extra legal, non-intoxicating cannabinoids, as part of a full-spectrum product. CBD inhaler reviews are mostly positive. 

Final thoughts 

CBD and cannabis inhalers have a bright future. Users are looking to refine how they take both CBD and THC. Consuming cannabis in a healthy manner is more important than ever, for those who partake. The legal industry has allowed for safer products to flourish. Previously, cannabis users would have to find their own ways of enjoying flower. Hence why most would simply choose to smoke it.

More research on CBD and THC’s medical benefits will help us work out what inhalers can be used for. The benefits for asthma look promising, as do those for quitting smoking. Inhalers would likely appeal to those who already smoke or vape CBD or cannabis. CBD oil users may also make the switch if convinced on the safety of inhalers. Asthma patients taking edibles or capsules to control symptoms may also be intrigued by inhalers.  

Are you using a CBD or cannabis inhaler already? Let us know what for in the comments section, and whether it’s made a difference for you!

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How to effectively use CBD for anxiety

One of the main benefits of cannabidiol (CBD), according to research and those taking CBD products, is the cannabinoid’s anti-anxiety benefits. Many users report that CBD is effective at reducing anxiety, and that the side effects from this form of treatment are few. Importantly, CBD also seems to be preferable to SSRI drugs and regular medical cannabis, which contains a mixture of CBD and THC, the latter being the psychoactive element in medical marijuana. 

However, there are several forms of anxiety, a debilitating mental health condition that affects quality of life. That’s why it’s important to know about how different CBD products treat anxiety, and what type of CBD is likely to yield the most benefit in various situations. 

In this article, we’ll detail several real-life scenarios that anxiety sufferers have to cope with, and how, through sensible use of CBD, life can become much easier, and crucially, enjoyable once again. We’re going to look at all of this and more:

  • Why CBD is better than other medical cannabis options for anxiety 
  • How to use CBD oil for social anxiety 
  • The best way to take CBD for flying 
  • How to relieve anxiety over public speaking
  • How to manage generalized anxiety with CBD

CBD is the best cannabis or hemp-derived product for anxiety

In many cases, a full-spectrum or whole-plant cannabis product is more effective than a CBD-isolate product. This is because the ‘entourage effect’ enhances the benefits of all the compounds. However, anxiety is somewhat different, since these products all contain a level of THC, which is known to exacerbate anxiety and paranoia symptoms in many patients. 

Because of these adverse psychological effects, anxiety patients may benefit more if they experience CBD in isolate form. Several CBD manufacturers produce hemp oil products with isolate extracts for users who want to keep THC levels in their body firmly at nil. For anxiety disorder, this just helps to maximize the benefits that CBD has to offer. 

That isn’t to say all users endure negative effects on anxiety when using THC. Some actually find the effects of THC to be liberating, and that it helps with relaxation and boosting mood. However, CBD’s effects are much more predictable, and should be the first-choice product for anyone trying to resolve anxiety. And, of course, CBD is legal everywhere in the US and great for general wellness, too. 

Combating social anxiety with CBD 

Social anxiety is perhaps the worst form of anxiety in terms of quality of life. This type of anxiety can make the part of our lives which is supposed to be the most fun, that with our friends, at best a chore, and at worst a nightmare. It also makes advancing through life and meeting new people more difficult than it needs to be. Indeed, those with severe cases of social anxiety may even make poor life decisions because they become so fearful of social situations. Moreover, this anxiety tends to be even more frustrating as it only strikes at certain times. 

The good news for patients, after years of having to put up with subpar remedies, is that there are multiple forms of CBD for social anxiety available. These help anxiety symptoms by working to eliminate the bad thought processes which cause such a problem. And some of the market’s leading brands are even making pharmaceutical-grade products – a sign of just how advanced the CBD industry has become in the past few years. 

The best CBD oil for anxiety is an isolate product. Sublingual oils are excellent for anxiety because the effects take hold swiftly. Essentially, users can enjoy anxiety relief on-demand, taking a dose when they need it. Not having to wait for the effects to kick in makes CBD oil considerably better than SSRI drugs, where it can sometimes be a fortnight before patients see any value from them. CBD tinctures gives back power to the patient over their condition. Knowing that it’s possible to get anxiety relief in minutes ultimately helps to breed confidence that all situations are manageable. 

Easing public speaking anxiety 

Public speaking anxiety isn’t an issue that everybody faces, but for those who do have to get up and talk in front of a crowd, it can be terrifying. People in such a position are told about all kinds of tips and tricks to get through it, such as speaking slowly and clearly. More bizarre advice includes imagining that the entire audience is naked. But while these mental trickery efforts may appeal to some, they aren’t as good as taking CBD gummies for anxiety. 

Helpfully, a study was carried out that specifically looked at the anxiolytic effect CBD could provide for anxiety sufferers in public speaking situations. Researchers investigated the benefits of CBD pills for anxiety, using a large 600mg dose. The positive effects were clear to see, with the 12 people who took CBD finding the build-up to the speech and the act itself much easier than the 12 who had been given a placebo. 

The ideal CBD dosage for anxiety is up for debate, and likely varies from person to person, and depending on symptom severity. In the context of the CBD industry in 2019, a 600mg dose is extremely high. Many of those who are taking CBD to reduce anxiety will be taking daily doses in the 10s of milligrams, rather than the 100s. Not least because a 600mg dose every time would be incredibly expensive to maintain. 

When you need many hours of anxiety relief, gummy bears are perfect. If you want to keep it healthy, then stick to capsules. But the advantage of gummies and other infused candies is the discretion they offer. 

Dealing with generalized anxiety

Generalized anxiety is more persistent and chronic than social anxiety. Some people suffer from both types. But generalized anxiety can cause panic attacks over a range of matters, from financial worries to health concerns. Such anxiety can lead to insomnia and ultimately fatigue, make it more difficult to concentrate, cause irritability, and even physical issues like muscle pain and stomach aches. 

CBD is beneficial as a means for anxiety and stress relief, around-the-clock. Some users prefer convenience, with CBD sprays for anxiety really efficient. These can be kept to hand throughout the day, and it’s possible to deliver a spray every few minutes if necessary to keep symptoms at bay. Those who don’t want their friends or co-workers to know they are using CBD may want to use a CBD lip balm for anxiety. These provide a ready supply of CBD, for whenever it’s needed. And a high-quality CBD lip balm will also suitably moisturize the lips too, making for an awesome two-in-one solution.

It’s also possible to use CBD patches for anxiety. Transdermal patches provide a steady release of CBD into the body throughout the day, and may also have the benefit of reducing aches and chronic pain – a win-win! 

Soothing flying anxiety 

Not every anxious person gets fretful about flying. But for those who do, it can put a downer on the whole trip. Whether flying for work or a holiday, CBD can make being 35,000 feet up in the air just a little bit more bearable. 

First off, it’s important that you only take legal CBD products onto an airplane. Even if you are travelling between two legal states, when in government buildings (airports) and crossing state lines, federal law supersedes state law. So stick to hemp-based CBD with less than 0.3% THC. And to play it safe, a serious-looking CBD product will help. No labels with cannabis leafs, or products that have a stinky cannabis smell. Keep to oils, oral sprays, and edibles and you’ll be fine. 

There are a couple of ways to use CBD for anxiety relief while flying. Some prefer the fast-acting effects of an oil or spray – if that’s you, then dose up just prior to boarding. Others find the whole experience of checking in and going through security stressful enough. If that’s you, then CBD edibles for anxiety are likely to be most beneficial. Take a dose an hour or so beforehand, and then another just before the flight if necessary. The calming effects can work a treat if you want to get a few hours of sleep while flying! 

Tackling various phobias

We all have our phobias. Some people are afraid of clowns. Others find going out at night pretty frightening. And then there are those who get anxious when stuck in confined spaces (claustrophobia). If you have a phobia, the chances are it’s possible to relieve it through CBD treatment. As phobias tend to emerge suddenly and unexpectedly, a product delivering rapid effects is what’s needed. Try CBD oil or, if the situation permits, a potent CBD vape juice. 

Managing Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) with CBD

OCD is a mental health condition that causes obsessions and compulsive behavior in the patient. Anybody can be affected by OCD, and the disorder may strike at any age. Serious OCD can make day-to-day functioning incredibly difficult. Perhaps it’s an unpleasant thought that repeatedly pops up, which then leads to a repetitive behavior that is used to try and banish that thought. But if unchecked, this brain pattern can deepen and become even harder to erase and move on from. 

OCD patients are often recommended cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) drug treatment plan. But a more natural treatment in CBD may provide just as meaningful results. Research has shown that CBD has medicinal potential for OCD, although this hasn’t yet been backed up with clinical evidence. Scientists attribute CBD’s inhibiting effect on anandamide breakdown as a key effect that may help to treat anxiety and depression, and also OCD. CBD’s therapeutic value for OCD could be down to how the cannabinoid interacts with the brain’s limbic system. 

Final thoughts 

Scientists studying cannabinoids and cannabis are really hopeful about what the future may hold for CBD as a remedy for anxiety, but also other illnesses like inflammation and pain. CBD was approved in 2018 as an epilepsy treatment. This was a momentous breakthrough for a drug that researchers knew very little about until the 1990s. 

As for anxiety, the absence of clinical research still prevents doctors from prescribing CBD products for the disorder. But there have been many more smaller studies on CBD for anxiety than for several other conditions. The findings have been encouraging across the board. And these are backed up by questionnaires which show anxiety as one of the most popular reasons for taking CBD. 

What critically works in CBD’s favor is the efficiency of sublingual oils, and even vape juices. Anxiety is at its most notorious when triggered by situations that may be unavoidable, unexpected or both. CBD’s speedy relief of symptoms surely bodes well, and we should get the clinical trials we’ve been waiting for in the next few years.

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The argument for smoking CBD joints 

Years ago, society considered smoking to be a positive. Indeed, you would even see doctors talking about the apparent “benefits” of smoking cigarettes. But in recent decades, we have found out much more about the dangers of tobacco smoking – it can cause cancer, and potentially life-threatening issues with the respiratory system. And cigarettes can be frighteningly difficult to quit because of the nicotine addiction that comes with them.

However, it is important to note that medical marijuana and smokable cannabidiol (CBD) products, such as CBD pre-rolled joints are quite a bit different from standard smoking. And there are perfectly valid reasons why a CBD user would choose hemp flower as their preferred way of taking CBD. 

This article will make the argument for smoking CBD, in a world where the act of smoking has been demonised. We’ll be focussing on:


  • The benefits of smoking CBD 
  • Why CBD smoking is different to cigarette smoking
  • How to smoke CBD 
  • The smokable CBD products available today 
  • How CBD can help you to stop smoking 

Smoking offers the most rapid CBD effects 

Smoking is simply the most efficient way of getting CBD molecules into the body. With all other consumption methods, the effects are slightly delayed. This is more obvious with capsules and edibles, as the CBD only gets into the bloodstream after being digested and absorbed through the stomach. 

But when smoking, CBD’s passage into the bloodstream is almost direct, going straight in via the lungs. The health benefits for this are, therefore, often more pronounced. This is excellent for pain relief and treating rheumatoid arthritis. But we’ll get more into the specific therapeutic benefits of hemp plants and smoking hemp buds later in the post. 

Comparing smoking CBD with smoking tobacco 

When considering CBD and tobacco smoking, it’s vital to remember that it is not the smoking itself which is addictive. The reason that cigarette smoking is addictive is purely down to the nicotine from the tobacco. While tobacco addiction is extremely problematic, the same cannot be said for smoking high-CBD strains. The effects of cigarette smoking are rather notorious in the 21st century, with common illnesses including bronchitis, emphysema and lung cancer. 

No amount of CBD is addictive, and instead, some research suggests that CBD may be effective in treating addiction. In reality, this means that you can pick up CBD joint smoking when you feel like it, and then stop at a moment’s notice. There’s no risk of becoming dependent. Whether this is true of general marijuana – which contains a psychoactive element called tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) – is up for debate. Some have argued that THC is either physically or mentally addictive, or both. However, more studies are necessary to know that for sure. 

How smoking CBD may help you 

Now you know that smoking CBD joints can be done in a positive, and therapeutic way, let’s look in more depth at the specific illnesses and health issues that hemp flower may be good for. 

Smoking CBD for fibromyalgia 

CBD is a promising treatment for fibromyalgia. The condition has posed many problems for scientists hoping to find a cure. Fibromyalgia’s symptoms are unusual, and impact both mental and physical wellbeing. Researchers studying cannabis and cannabinoids, however, have identified the endocannabinoid system (ECS) as a possible root cause. This is logical in the sense that the ECS regulates both physical and psychological health variables. 

Smoking CBD is an efficient way of clearing any ‘fibro fog’, a form of cognitive dysfunction that many fibromyalgia sufferers experience. It’s also great for managing the pain that comes with the condition. Fibromyalgia pain is typically very intense, hence why the quick relief offered by CBD is so welcome. 

Smoking CBD for anxiety 

Anxiety is another disorder where rapid relief is essential for the CBD to have a meaningful effect. Anxiety patients don’t get much benefit from a treatment that doesn’t begin to work instantly, since the symptoms are a problem in the moment, and generally subside once removed from the anxiety-inducing situation. However, these symptoms can have a devastating effect on quality of life if not brought under control. 

Smoking CBD before an event that is likely to cause anxiety will bring at least two or three hours of anxiety relief. A high-CBD joint with a rich percentage of CBD allows for a large dose of CBD to be taken in at once. Research on CBD and anxiety seems to show that big doses are most beneficial for easing the mental condition. 

Smoking CBD for inflammatory problems 

CBD and cannabinoids have revelatory potential as a remedy for improving immune system functioning and treating inflammation. Scientists happened across the ECS in the early 1990s, and have since learned how the system interacts with others in the body. This led to unearthing the close link between the immune system and the CB2 (cannabinoid receptor 2) in the ECS. In essence, CBD manages inflammation by making sure these receptors are regulated. This is done by promoting healthy levels of endocannabinoids, many of which are CB2 receptor agonists.

In reality, this means that hemp oil and CBD cigarettes are really powerful anti-inflammatory treatments. For illnesses such as arthritis, CBD hemp flower represents a product that can start soothing joint pain almost immediately. Patients who have suffered from reduced mobility and lower quality of life because of arthritis may find that CBD joints give them a new lease of life. 

CBD for quitting smoking 

Fascinatingly, CBD may even help smokers to kick their tobacco habit. Some small studies that have been conducted on the anti-addictive effects of CBD. One, that was focussed on smoking, showed that smokers given a CBD inhaler significantly cut back their intake of cigarettes over a week-long period. The study had a couple of caveats. As a small investigation, it’s impossible to say if CBD had a genuine impact. The study was placebo-controlled, though the short timeframe wasn’t long enough to provide conclusive results. 

That said, CBD has also demonstrated anti-addictive effects for heroin addicts. Researchers have theorized that CBD’s regulating effect on opioid receptors could be the mechanism behind this response. Smokers trying to give up nicotine could simply experiment on themselves by smoking a CBD joint over a cigarette, and seeing if this reduces their intake over time.  

Smoking CBD for pain 

Smoking CBD for chronic pain is a very popular reason for consuming CBD.This also extends to medical cannabis. Proponents have seized upon the analgesic effects of cannabis plants when arguing for marijuana reform. With many types of pain, and neuropathic in particular, a treatment needs to be fast-acting to really benefit the patient. And that’s exactly what CBD joints offer. Not having to wait around for the relief to be felt enables those affected by pain to enjoy an active lifestyle, and for their quality of life not to be impeded.

CBD joints are a better option than cannabis joints for many users, as the former don’t come with any psychoactive side effects. Not everyone is negatively affected by cannabis, but taking the plant (in any way) does trigger anxiety and paranoia in some. This is exacerbated if in an unfamiliar or unpleasant situation. 

How to smoke CBD 

CBD is smokable in a few different ways, although each method broadly produces the same effects. Cannabis users will probably know all about these, but let’s run through them anyway!

In a joint 

Most people smoke CBD flower in a joint.  Some like to buy pre-rolls to save them the fiddly hassle of rolling. However, others love the art of rolling and consider it a part of the cannabis and CBD experience. Rolling yourself also gives users the ability to mix different strains together, as to complement the indica and sativa properties of different buds. 

Smoking a joint is a touch unhealthier than other methods, because the smoke from the paper is also being inhaled. That’s why it’s best to use natural papers, that contain as few chemicals as possible. 

In a pipe, bong or bubbler 

Smoking CBD flower in a pipe, bong or bubbler takes papers out of the equation. All of these are great for users who want a somewhat smooth and cooler hit. The smoke is hottest in a pipe. The water in a bubbler provides cooler smoke. Bongs give you the coolest smoke of all because they can hold the greatest amount of water. This makes for bigger rips, and a greater intake of CBD at once. Bongs are, therefore, perfect for CBD users who favor strong, and quickly-delivered doses. 

The only drawback with these three is that some cleaning and maintenance is required for optimum smoking sessions. Failure to keep your equipment in tip-top shape will lead to a taste that declines over time. CBD and cannabis smokers usually clean their glass pieces with alcohol and salts. 

Mixing CBD and THC-rich flower  

Combining CBD and THC-rich bud is a cool trick that allows you to enjoy a smoke from days gone by. Today’s weed is more potent than ever, meaning that THC concentrations are way up, while CBD levels are in freefall. Disturbing the cannabinoid makeup in strains may have unintended consequences that we don’t yet know about. 

That’s why recreational users should serious think about propping up their THC-laden joints with some CBD. Biologists and historians are pretty certain that humans’ use of cannabis goes back thousands, if not tens of thousands of years. However, 21st century marijuana is a new prospect altogether, and one humans have never encountered. We’re yet to really understand the long-term effects of high-strength pot. 

Some drawbacks of smoking CBD 

Smoking CBD is still unhealthier than CBD oil and all other CBD products, including vaping. The crucial point is that it’s not as risky as smoking tobacco cigarettes or even normal cannabis. However, CBD joint smoking is also pretty smelly, and the least discreet method of all. This isn’t a problem if you live in a legal state and are happy to smoke at home, with no need to worry about the smell. But the odor is just like cannabis and could cause problems if you have nosy neighbors. Or even if you don’t want your clothes to have a weed-tinged aroma. 

For those who really want to get the CBD benefits we have discussed, but without the negatives of smoking, there are plenty of other CBD products available. 

Other CBD options 

Vaping is effectively the same as smoking in regard to how the CBD gets into your body. CBD e-liquids don’t have the strong smell. With no combustion involved, vaping is also healthier. CBD tincture oils almost match smoking and vaping for speed of effects. Users who want a CBD hit to last them several hours, such as overnight, trend towards edibles, syrups, capsules and other orally-consumed products.

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CBD vs Prescription Drugs – what does the future hold?

One of the big questions that will be answered over the next few decades is just how many illnesses and conditions cannabidiol (CBD) treatment will replace prescription drugs for. CBD appears to have lots of medical potential for mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety, and physical conditions including chronic pain. CBD products are currently sold as dietary supplements, enhancing general wellness by boosting the endocannabinoid system (ECS).

Our understanding of CBD’s true therapeutic value, in consideration of its beneficial properties and side effects, compared to existing prescription drugs is set to grow. Demand for high-quality clinical trials is at an all-time high, as CBD consumption across America and around the world goes through the roof. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is slowing starting to get its act together. But as of July 2019, the only FDA-approved CBD drug is Epidiolex, an epilepsy treatment made by GW Pharmaceuticals of the United Kingdom.

This post will focus on a few areas where CBD has demonstrated promise as a medicine. We’ll look particularly at fields where current drugs are not up to standard. We’ll look at how CBD could be used, discussing the most suitable forms of administration, and the most effective doses.

Our analysis will look at:

  • CBD’s antipsychotic potential for psychosis and schizophrenia
  • Why CBD may be better than opioids for pain
  • The promise of CBD for anxiety and depression 
  • Cannabis and CBD’s medicinal value for migraines 
  • Why CBD may be a preferable anti-inflammatory drug to NSAIDs

Why it’s vital to seek professional advice 

We get it. You are super excited to try CBD, a derivative of the cannabis plant that doesn’t produce a high. Perhaps your friends have tried it and are having great results. Maybe you’ve been reading up on the medical benefits the cannabinoid has to offer. Are you ready to get in on the growing trend, and try out some of these innovative products yourself?

But if you are planning to start taking CBD alongside – or instead of – you should definitely seek a doctor’s advice first. The drug interactions between CBD and other substances have not been thoroughly studied, and certainly don’t get the attention they should. But there is some evidence that CBD can slow activity in the cytochrome P450 system. This means that CBD interferes with the metabolization of some drugs, affecting how much of the dose becomes active. Typically, this leads to a dosage increase of the prescription drug, even if you are taking the same amount as usual. 

CBD doesn’t affect all drugs in this way, hence why it is perfectly fine to combine CBD hemp oil and other products with your current medication. But you’ll only know for sure if you make contact with your doctor, who can give you the full information related to your situation. And most importantly, they’ll put your mind at rest.

What drugs interact with CBD oil? 

So far, we know that the following drugs interact with CBD oil: steroids, immune modulators, HIV antivirals, calcium channel blockers, prokinetics, antihistamines and benzodiazepines. 

CBD for psychosis and schizophrenia 

Scientific research has found it harder to penetrate the brain and its workings than other organs in the body. Indeed, the human brain is commonly accepted as the most complicated object in the known universe. This has made deciphering the causes and finding safe and suitable treatments for illnesses such as psychosis and schizophrenia very, very difficult. Moreover, use and abuse of recreational marijuana high in THC has been linked to these disorders.

But with antipsychotics failing to help patients enough, new drugs are necessary. CBD is intriguing because of its moderating role on THC. With both indica and sativa strains of marijuana, the richer the CBD content, the less of an overall high the user receives. It is through this CB1 receptor mechanism that CBD has antipsychotic promise. 

Should CBD treatment mark a new era for psychosis and schizophrenia medicine, it would almost certainly be CBD-infused products only. Any amount of THC would probably have a negative effect due to its psychoactive nature.

CBD for chronic pain 

The United States is just one of many countries around the world where healthcare systems are experiencing serious problems in treating chronic pain. Prescription opioid painkillers have demonstrated analgesic effectiveness, but are held back by side effects and overdose risks. Patients who are put on chronic pain treatment plans often end up having to manage an opioid addiction as well. More than 10,000 Americans die annually from prescription overdoses. It is paramount that researchers find a new painkiller medication. And ideally, one that is equally effective, and crucially much safer.

Cannabis is a natural area of research. Medical marijuana has been used for pain relief by patients in legal states for many years, and cannabis has a painkiller history that dates back millennia. However, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) has always been considered the key ingredient to the pain relief provided by marijuana. Its psychoactive properties have rankled with medical professionals, politicians and patients. Anti-marijuana arguments center around how the intoxicating effects can have damaging short and long-term impacts on mental health. The debate, in the context of opioids, on whether the upsides of THC outweigh the downsides for pain relief will continue. But could CBD, a distinctly non-intoxicating cannabinoid, have serious potential as a natural, low-risk painkiller? And if so, could it quickly become adopted widely in the US?

CBD research gives cause for optimism


The evidence is uncertain, but highlights the real need for extensive research. More people are using CBD for pain than anything else, according to a recent survey. However, this does not equate to clinical evidence, and could perhaps be the result of a significant placebo effect. The small studies that have been conducted on CBD and pain are inconclusive, but show some promise, in particular for neuropathic pain. 

Full-spectrum CBD products would likely be best for pain management, as these produce the ‘entourage effect’. This is an interaction between cannabinoids that makes them more therapeutic than if consumed as a single substance. The wide array of CBD products – such as hemp flower, creams, vape juices and edibles – is also exciting. This suggests there are many ways that CBD could be beneficial. Patients may get better results from using two products together (e.g. a cream with a vape juice). 

CBD for anxiety and depression

As explained in the ‘psychosis and schizophrenia’ section, any cannabis-based treatment for mental illness tends to divide opinion. But non-intoxicating CBD must be explored for anxiety and depression. For one, because patients are already taking CBD capsules and other products. But also since existing drugs are showing diminishing returns. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) the primary class of drug for both since the late 1980s, work at a snail’s pace, and some patients receive no benefits. This indicates that simply tweaking serotonin levels doesn’t solve the problem, and perhaps that these illnesses – and depression especially – are even more complex than they appear.

CBD’s popularity for anxiety and depression is backed up by a few studies which show it can have a therapeutic effect. Granted, this is not the same as hard, clinical evidence. But the bar is set low for new drugs. Any CBD treatment that can be shown to work would perhaps be preferable to SSRIs, since there is much less of a problem with side effects. SSRIs are notorious for making users tired, dizzy, nervous and even nauseous. In contrast, sleepiness only seems to occur with CBD after taking a large dose. 

Which CBD products are most effective

Finding the right type of CBD and medication plans that work for patients is the next step. With anxiety, it seems that the more rapidly a treatment kicks in, the better. This brings tincture oils to the fore, and also vape juices and CBD joints for those who are less concerned about the health risks.

For depression, any product will likely have a potent antidepressant effect. Research suggests that one dose can remain effective for several days. It’s possible that full-spectrum CBD is a more valuable antidepressant than CBD-isolate product. Other cannabinoids have shown potential as promoting neurogenesis and reducing inflammation. Tackling neuroinflammation may be critical to dealing with depression.

CBD for migraines 

Migraines are very painful headaches, and make some patients more vulnerable to sound and light. These are the ‘aura’ symptoms that people talk about regarding migraines. Researchers have developed drugs that manage the condition, without nailing down the root cause. However, new studies related to marijuana and hemp propose that the very ECS that cannabis works in could be to blame.

The idea that a dysregulated ECS is responsible for migraines comes under a theory called ‘Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency’. Proponents argue that those who suffer from migraines and certain other illnesses may not be generating the required levels of endocannabinoids to bind with and regulate cannabinoid receptors. Cannabinoids from hemp and cannabis act as substitutes to endocannabinoids. It’s perfectly feasible that the unique compounds from these plants are essential for treating migraines.

Small investigations have highlighted how cannabis is comparable with current migraine drugs in terms of benefits, and that it outperforms them in regard to side effects. The question is whether a pure non-intoxicating CBD solution is therapeutic in its own right, or if the added influence of THC is vital, or merely helpful.

CBD for inflammatory illnesses 

A future crisis with anti-inflammatory drugs may be looming. Aspirin, ibuprofen and other over-the-counter and prescription non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have dominated the market for dealing with arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and other inflammatory illnesses for decades. But recent reports have questioned just how effective and safe they are, in older patients especially. 

CBD research – and studies on other cannabinoids – have found that anti-inflammatory effects can be produced via the ECS. Cannabinoids nurture the immune system to find balance between pro and anti-inflammatory signals. THC does this by binding to CB2 receptors; CBD is more nuanced in boosting endocannabinoid presence so this role can be fulfilled naturally.

This link between the ECS and the immune system is a recent discovery. Cannabinoid science has historically been stunted due to prohibition. Many of the most important finds regarding CBD have come since that discovery in the early 1990s. With that in mind, it isn’t such a shock that CBD may treat conditions much more efficiently than drugs which have been used for many years do.

Final thoughts  

Various schools of medicine are going to need to pay much closer attention to cannabis and hemp plants going forward. The potential for CBD as a medicine looks enormous. Exactly what mental and physical conditions CBD is great for is, however, not crystal clear. But in 10 to 20 years’ time, it’s quite likely doctors will be prescribing cannabis and non-intoxicating CBD solutions for common ailments, that affect millions of us. 

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CBD: Conditions that products may help with

If there’s one downside about the current cannabidiol (CBD) industry, it’s that users don’t always know which products to take. CBD must be marketed as a food supplement rather than a medicine. This restricts the claims that companies are allowed to make about their products. Therefore, some end up with a CBD product that may work, but doesn’t provide really efficient relief. Of course, it’s possible to experiment with different types of CBD, but this can be costly and time consuming if you don’t know exactly what you’re looking for. 

In this article, we are going to list several medical conditions that CBD can be used to help with. We’ll discuss the symptoms of these illnesses, and highlight which products are likely to be most effective as a result. Keep in mind that CBD still hasn’t been proven for many of these disorders. That’s why brands must be careful regarding what they say about them and the potential benefits. But this post will cover ailments that people are already using CBD to manage, and feature scientific research where available.

After reading this post, you’ll be up to speed on:

  • What CBD product to use for anxiety 
  • How to relieve pain with CBD
  • The best CBD product for migraines
  • What CBD product to use for sleep
  • How to reduce inflammation with CBD
  • And much, much more

CBD vape oil for anxiety 

Mental health is a hot topic nowadays, with people perhaps more comfortable than ever before to speak up about what’s troubling them internally. In addition to combating stress, depression and possibly post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), CBD has also shown potential for anxiety. We know that anxiety affects tens of millions of Americans, but existing treatments for the condition do not work nearly quickly enough. 

A number of reviews and small clinical trials on CBD have been conducted during the 2010s. Effective anti-anxiety drugs tend to be serotonin 1A receptor agonists, while having a modulating impact on GABA neurotransmitters. CBD does both, and the general regulating effect of the cannabinoid on the endocannabinoid system (ECS) could also be beneficial.

In particular, CBD vape oil really gets to the root of anxiety, by rapidly suppressing the acute symptoms when they arise. Patients can experience anxiety attacks anytime, anyplace, hence why it’s so important that any CBD remedy is efficient. Vape pens are portable, and an inhaled CBD dose has an effect within minutes. This preserves quality of life in a way that slow-acting SSRI drugs don’t. 

Anxiety sufferers may want to experiment with full-spectrum, indica-dominant vape juices. These capitalize on the anxiolytic qualities of linalool and other calming terpenes. For others, pure, CBD-isolate vape oils which don’t have a sedative effect will suffice.

CBD oil for anxiety 

Vape oil is recommended because of how rapidly the CBD has an effect. But those who would rather avoid inhaling altogether – even if it is vapor and not smoke – can relieve their anxiety symptoms with a CBD tincture oil. 

Dosing with these is easy – just fill the dropper and apply under the tongue. After holding for a couple of minutes, allowing for the blood vessels to sublingually absorb the oil, swallow and wash the mouth with a glass of water. This is a completely safe way of taking CBD, and the most instant form of consumption for health-conscious users. Different strengths of CBD oil and e-liquid are available to tackle the varying severity of symptoms experienced. 

CBD edibles for anxiety could still hold some value among patients with chronic symptoms who need a more economical treatment. These products are ideal if anxiety and nervous energy is always an issue, as opposed to a condition that comes and goes in waves. Edibles may be more suitable in this case as the CBD remains active for longer. 

CBD oil for migraines 

CBD’s therapeutic potential for migraines has been researched for the best part of 20 years. The findings have come as part of a wider investigation on the ECS, and what happens when it falls into dysregulation. Experts have suggested that ECS dysfunction may be the underlying cause of migraines. The ‘aura’ symptoms in particular, which makes migraineurs more sensitive to light and sound, have been pinned on CB1 receptor dysfunction.

As with anxiety, migraine symptoms are acute. The cluster headaches and increased sensitivity mean any healing product needs to act fast to have a genuine medicinal effect. Both tincture oils and vape juices administer CBD’s properties swiftly, with the added benefit that it’s easy to consume large doses when using products with rich extracts.

The jury is still out on whether legal CBD products or actual medical marijuana with THC is best for migraines. A study has shown that a cannabinoid remedy with balanced concentrations of THC and CBD is, overall, better than the migraine drugs used at present. This takes into account the therapeutic value and side effects of each treatment.

CBD edibles for sleep

Falling asleep is one thing, staying asleep is something else. If the former is your issue, then you may only need CBD oil for insomnia. However, if a sleep condition or chronic pain is affecting quality of sleep and causing fatigue, CBD gummies or syrup may serve you better. Uninterrupted sleep is also vital for brain health – the deep sleep phase is when the brain has a chance to cleanse itself of harmful plaques and toxins.

CBD’s benefits for sleep are not fully understood. The compound likely offers a combination of physical relaxation, pain relief, reduced anxiety and stress, and sleep-wake cycle regulation. Keeping the latter in balance is crucial for a good sleep pattern. The sleep-wake cycle emits and stifles hormones at different points in the day. For instance, calming melatonin is released from the pineal gland at night. 

CBD sleep gummies can last for up to eight hours thanks to the steady absorption of cannabinoids. Therefore, time your dose around half an hour before planning to sleep, as this gives the effects chance to kick in. CBD edible products are manufactured by multiple leading brands, such as HempBombs and Green Roads.

CBD vape juice for pain

Suffering from back pain, nerve pain, fibromyalgia or maybe sciatica? The good news is that there’s a new treatment on the block for these intensely painful conditions: CBD. And it’s much less harmful than the opioid painkillers which are currently the number one option for severe pain. CBD interacts naturally to ease painful ailments, lowering pain sensitivity through the ECS. CBD, unlike medical cannabis with THC, can be safely used at any time of day, as it doesn’t cause mental or physical impairment.

For maximum relief, a strong CBD vape juice or concentrate typically yields the best results. Koi CBD e-liquids are extra effective for neuropathic pain, where symptom severity ranges and can strike suddenly. Portable vape pens mean you’ll always be able to medicate quickly and discreetly. Use either a CBD e-liquid, or a CBD vape additive to go with your normal vape juice.

Many patients have found this transformative for both physical and psychological well-being. The ability to soothe pain on-demand reduces the adverse effect various conditions have on mobility. 

CBD cream for pain

Pain relief with CBD is also possible by using topical products, which are applied to the skin. Infused creams and salves are nothing new in terms of localized pain relief, but the benefits of CBD for this purpose are a recent discovery. ECS receptors are in the skin, as are vanilloid receptors which manage pain perception and can be triggered by CBD. 

Some users like to combine the painkilling effects of a vape oil with the direct relief offered by a topical. This method ensures that all the necessary receptors are activated. CBD salves for pain generally have a soothing effect, too, as companies like to include aloe vera, menthol and other cooling agents.

But let’s not discount CBD edibles for pain or capsules. These can also be harnessed for when you need extended analgesic effects. For daytime pain relief, sativas and hybrids will keep your energy levels up. In the evenings, why not fully relax with indica-dominant CBD gummies for pain. These offer a delightful body buzz, yet without the ‘high’. 

CBD oil for inflammation

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn’s, gout and scleroderma are all forms of inflammation. Caused by a problematic immune system, inflammation can be devastating for health if it goes untreated, destroying organs and body tissues. The primary classification of drugs for inflammation, non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) can be effective, but are far from perfect due to side effects.

CBD oil for inflammation is much more promising. Cannabinoids have an anti-inflammatory effect thanks to their impact on CB2 receptors in the ECS. Reducing inflammation is key, but immune system regulation is also important for tackling the cause of autoimmune diseases.  

CBD oil for arthritis 

Arthritis and joint pain are not only painful, but debilitating due to the effect they have on a person’s ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis can be remedied with CBD oil treatment. The former is an autoimmune disease, while the latter is an inflammatory illness.

CBD oil ensures consistent and steady relief. Because the oil is administered using a dropper, getting the dosage right could not be easier. To double-up the benefits of CBD, experiment using the oil with a topical product.

CBD oil for seizures 

Epilepsy is one of the few conditions where there is strong clinical evidence that CBD works. Cannabinoids reduce seizures in a novel way, as evidenced by the fact that CBD can treat conditions such as Dravet’s, where traditional anti-epileptic drugs have failed. There are multiple stories of children with epilepsy who have become essentially seizure-free with CBD, after initially suffering from hundreds of seizures per week. 

Epilepsy needs to be managed with medication that has a rapid onset of effects. It doesn’t make sense for vulnerable patients like children to smoke or vape CBD. Tincture oils provide the fast response needed, in a healthy manner.

CBD edibles for weight loss

Eating for weight loss may sound counterproductive, but not when you consider the appetite-regulating effects of CBD. The ECS regulates appetite and other variables at the CB1 receptor. It is thought that CBD can help to stimulate appetite in those not eating enough, while preventing excessive eating in those who consume too much. CBD appears to influence hunger hormones, which may explain this effect on appetite. 

Final thoughts 

Whether you use CBD oil for pain relief, CBD vape juice for anxiety or any product for any ailment, it’s most important that you are happy. This article is merely a guideline for which products are best-suited to various conditions. But everybody is different and has their own unique needs. Please share your own CBD treatment plan in the comments! Your advice may be helpful to others.

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Assessing the risks of high cannabis potency 

The marijuana plant is enjoying a phenomenal renaissance, going from a prohibited and demonized substance to a medicinal marvel and in-demand legal recreational drug in the space of 20 years or so. Several states across America have embraced full legalization, while more than 30 permit cannabis for medicinal use. Uruguay and Canada have also legalized cannabis medicinally and recreationally. A long list of nations have also embraced medical marijuana to varying degrees, such as the United Kingdom. 

But while the new dawn for cannabis is a huge win for anyone in favor of natural medicine and, on a more fundamental basis, freedom, there is one key reason why all of us – including rmarijuana advocates – should be concerned about the 21st century weed industry: cannabis potency. 

Weed is getting stronger

There’s no getting around it. Today’s pot is many times stronger than what was being smoked in ancient times, and even that which was enjoyed during the 1960s and 70s. The average recreational cannabis user wants to get higher, and higher still, preferring weed with rich concentrations of the psychoactive cannabinoid delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). 

This is possible thanks to modern science, and savvy growers who have learned how to increase cannabis potency. Research showed that THC was responsible for the ‘stoned’ effect, and new cultivation techniques have taken levels of THC from single digits to in excess of 20 percent. A strain with 20 percent THC contains 200 milligrams of THC per gram. 

Less mentioned in this cannabinoid manipulation is the declining amount of non-intoxicating cannabidiol (CBD) in strains and cannabis products. Research has shown that CBD naturally reduces the ‘high’ caused by THC, hence why recreational growers have sought to breed it out of strains like Gorilla Glue and Girl Scout Cookies as much as possible.

But what are the consequences of stronger marijuana? While the proliferation of this type of weed has been seized upon by anti-cannabis organizations and journalists, the dangers of high-THC weed shouldn’t be simply thrown out as “reefer madness”. In this post, we’ll assess the legitimate risks of super-strength weed, judging from the existing scientific research. Then, we’ll analyze the role CBD may have in promoting more sustainable relationships with cannabis. 

By the time you’ve finished reading, you’ll know all about:

  • How THC and CBD impact the brain
  • The dangers of cannabinoid manipulation
  • The short and long-term dangers of excessive THC consumption
  • How CBD can ease cannabis side effects
  • Why CBD may help to reverse THC-induced cognitive decline 

CBD vs THC for the brain 

The effects of CBD and THC on the brain occur mostly in the endocannabinoid system (ECS), although there is evidence that the former also influences the serotonin system. CBD is non-intoxicating and considered non-psychoactive. 

CBD products made from the industrial hemp plant are popular herbal remedies for managing anxiety. The Food & Drug Administration (FDA) has also approved a CBD drug for Dravet’s syndrome, an unusual type of epilepsy – CBD helps to reduce seizures. Both the anti-anxiety and anti-epileptic properties of CBD are a result of calming brain activity. 

In contrast, THC has an excitation effect on the brain, increasing activity, and producing a psychoactive response through binding to CB1 receptors in the ECS. This connection also explains the analgesic and appetite-boosting qualities of THC. The cannabinoid is a highly potent version of the endocannabinoid anandamide, and binds to both cannabinoid receptors in the ECS. 

Which compound is ‘better’ for the brain depends entirely on one’s reasons for using marijuana. The high potency of a THC-rich recreational strain is essential for those who want the psychoactive effects of cannabis. However, for users who don’t want a ‘high’, but mental relaxation and a subtle mood boost, pure CBD products are preferable. Some even use cannabis with a higher CBD and lower THC content for balance – this extracts the synergistic ‘entourage effect’. 

Why interfering with a strain’s natural cannabinoid profile is risky

The ECS is new to modern scientists, but is not a recent evolution in humans. Researchers are confident that it has existed in humans and other life forms for hundreds of millions of years. It’s clear that the ECS is integral to our overall health. Understanding that the ECS is ancient and that our body has learned to interact with phyto-cannabinoids from cannabis and hemp just emphasizes how important it is to keep the plant as natural as possible. 

Some marijuana users fall into the trap of thinking that today’s potent strains pose no risk, because it’s natural and non-synthetic. While this is true to an extent, the 20% THC strains we see now are novel, having emerged only in the past few decades. Our bodies may have worked with cannabinoids for thousands of years. But never have humans been taking such high concentrations of THC before, nor weed with such a lopsided THC to CBD balance. 

The damage this may be causing cannot be fully appreciated, as there simply hasn’t been enough research yet. We simply know that cannabis users are being exposed to a new chemical cocktail. 

However, it’s the fact that CBD and THC can have distinctly opposite effects that is concerning. For instance, research points towards CBD growing the hippocampus, a brain region in the medial temporal lobe. However, large amounts of THC are neurotoxic to the hippocampus. That memory loss and lack of motivation are often experienced by heavy marijuana users perhaps makes more sense now, since the hippocampus is implicated in memory and motivation regulation. 

The dangers of excessive THC consumption and how CBD helps

In addition to super-strength strains, concentrates are also making a splash on the modern marijuana market. These products – such as crystals and wax – are akin to a high potency cannabis strain multiplied by four or five. THC levels often exceed 80% and can go as high as 99%, with THC-isolate products not having any THC at all. While this may deliver a crazy high for weed lovers, the risks posed by such products are clear to see. 


Not all users respond well to even a small dose of THC, from a joint or cannabis edible. The distorting effect that the psychoactive substance has on reality can cause bouts of paranoia and anxiety, which often do not subside until the THC wears off. This can be quite scary for first-time cannabis users with no psychoactive experience. Even though marijuana is only a weak psychedelic in comparison to other drugs, it shows the importance of a relaxing ‘set’ and ‘setting’ while tripping. A good mental state beforehand can be key to a happy trip. 

In the event of a THC-induced anxiety attack, CBD is great for cooling off a high. The anxiolytic effect is enhanced by CBD suppressing THC’s psychoactive effect as a CB1 receptor antagonist. A hemp CBD tincture oil promotes quick anxiety relief. All cannabis users could benefit by having a CBD product close by should a trip go wrong. 


In the long run, the effects of excessive THC consumption can be significant on mental health. Psychotic and schizophrenic outbreaks can occur in people who are predisposed to these illnesses. Prescription antipsychotic drugs are available for these disorders, but research suggests CBD may be more effective. 

Experts are studying the CB1 receptor antagonist mechanism that CBD functions in to determine if it could more efficiently treat these conditions, with fewer side effects. That said, it is not recommended that people with psychosis and schizophrenia treat their ailments with CBD oil or any other CBD product, without a doctor’s recommendation. 

For cognitive problems – and especially motivation and memory issues – attributed to abuse of THC, a study has shown that CBD may help. Going back to an earlier point on how CBD and THC are neuroprotective and neurotoxic for the hippocampus respectively, using the former could reverse hippocampal damage. A small investigation featured in the Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research journal found that CBD repairs this brain region. And it appears that those worst affected enjoyed the most help from CBD. 

The best cannabinoid mix for hippocampal repair is not clear. Cannabichromene (CBC), another non-intoxicating cannabinoid, also has a neurogenesis effect. Moreover, further research, and a bigger study, is needed to confirm if CBD is a genuine solution here. But the good news is that CBD is safe and can be taken by any otherwise healthy person who has previously had cannabis addiction problems. 

How to test cannabis oil potency

Cannabis potency testing is a job typically left to third-party labs. These have sprung up to give validity to marijuana companies selling their products in an unregulated market. A test looks for the cannabinoid levels in various products. For a recreational weed product, this is usually to confirm the level of THC. For CBD products, a third-party test shows how much CBD is present. The test also shows whether the product is legal. The THC level in hemp-based CBD products must be less than 0.3% of the overall dry weight. 

Purchase a testing kit to find out the potency of a cannabis or hash oil product for yourself. Cannabis potency testing equipment kits vary in price, with some kits able to test for other cannabinoids (aside from CBD and THC), as well as terpenes. CBD potency is less of an issue, as it’s non-intoxicating and not possible to overdose on. Nor do drug tests flag up CBD. 

Which CBD products effectively moderate THC?

Any CBD product will help to reduce the psychoactive effects of THC. The ideal product for you depends on how quickly you want it to work. Standard potency CBD gummies made from hemp oil can take up to an hour to fully kick in. However, vape cartridges provide an active hit of CBD in just a few minutes. The ideal dosage will be decided on how much THC you have taken and need to suppress. 

Get more from hemp and CBD with a full-spectrum product. The likes of HempBombs and CBDistillery bring the whole plant into play. This makes their CBD more therapeutic than CBD-isolate solutions because of the entourage effect. Although, some find when calming their high that a product with just CBD is better. Trying both is the only way to know which is best for you. 

Final thoughts 

There are certainly risks with the high-strength weed that dominates the cannabis industry today. In the coming years, as cannabis research increases, our currently thin knowledge will increase. But while the dangers may become more apparent, the benefits of CBD products are  also incredibly promising. 

It could be that even those who have abused cannabis previously can recover their full cognitive abilities with CBD treatment. New cannabis users, however, may be best off using one-to-one strains. These balance the CBD and THC. And for no high at all, high-CBD strains work even better. The weed market has expanded so much, and there are now premium products for all users.

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Why CBD is good for the brain

Cannabis has a profound effect on the brain, and this fact was first realized by humans thousands of years ago. More recently, marijuana has been considered to be a net negative for mental health and the brain. But this was before the properties of cannabidiol (CBD) were extensively explored. The cannabinoid, which can be legally derived from hemp, has become a medicinal wonder over the past few years, and it is showing impressive, wide-ranging potential for brain health.

This article will help to improve your understanding of CBD’s neurological effects. We will cover:


  • How CBD differs from regular cannabis
  • How CBD works in the brain
  • The benefits of CBD for various mental conditions
  • Which CBD products may be most helpful for the brain
  • Why CBD is of therapeutic value to chronic cannabis users

We have tons of fascinating information to share with you. But please keep in mind the following is just informational content, and not a substitute for medical advice.

How does CBD work in the brain?

CBD works in the brain by acting on cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) that comprise part of the endocannabinoid system (ECS). CBD optimizes the ECS, which promotes homeostasis in the body. A healthy ECS is thought to reduce the likelihood of mood disorders and cognitive problems, and more serious mental illnesses like psychosis and schizophrenia.

CB1 receptors are more dominant than CB2 receptors in the central nervous system, which is made up of the brain and spinal cord. These are implicated in regulating mood, appetite, memory and pain sensitivity. The receptor has become a target for various conditions, including depression and anxiety. But a dearth of clinical trials has so far stopped us from knowing the true effectiveness of CBD.

CBD is non-psychoactive

One huge benefit of CBD in comparison to typical cannabis products is its non-psychoactive status. The intoxicating effects of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), generally the most abundant cannabinoid in marijuana, is thought to aggravate certain mental illnesses.

The psychoactive effects mean that cannabis has been outlawed in many countries, including the United States, for several decades. Marijuana research has been hard to come by for this reason. But as CBD is safe with few side effects, and can be taken in rich quantities from hemp, which is now legal, the compound is being studied and used by the American public at a greater rate than ever before. It’s even popular for several mental disorders that cannabis was thought to be problematic for, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

CBD effects on brain health

CBD has numerous nuanced effects on brain health. Due to the complexity of neuroscience, and the limited cannabinoid research conducted, much of the evidence on CBD’s therapeutic neurological benefits is preliminary. However, some fascinating studies offer an insight into how CBD could be used for the brain. And coupled with our knowledge on what people are taking CBD for, we can join a few dots to get a good idea of what the compound has medical benefits for.

CBD for anxiety

An overactive brain is responsible for the mental disorder anxiety. Treatments for the condition have historically looked at involving the 5-HT1A receptors in the serotonin system, of which CBD is an agonist. CBD also regulates brain levels of gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA), a neurotransmitter that inhibits electrical impulses in the brain. This is a key effect, as a balance between inhibitory and excitatory neurotransmitters like glutamate is vital. Otherwise, the brain becomes excessively active, which increases the risks of epileptic seizures as well as anxiety.

Most people using CBD for anxiety prefer the efficient qualities of CBD vape pens, or tincture oils if they want to stay healthy. CBD is likely much better than regular medication for generalized and social anxiety, as the benefits are noticeable in minutes, not weeks.

CBD for brain inflammation

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans on the brain are showing the differences in brain structures between healthy people, and those with depression and other mental disorders. MRIs are transforming views on mental illness. Disorders aren’t just due to chemical issues, but physical problems, too. Major depressive disorder may explain brain inflammation. Neuro-inflammation causes structural changes to the brain.

Studies have linked depression to damage in various regions of the brain, notably the hippocampus, where motivation and memory is controlled, and the prefrontal cortex. Research also shows that CBD, cannabichromene (CBC) and other non-psychoactive cannabinoids have neuroprotective qualities, which not only reduce symptoms but have a healing effect on the brain.

The anti-inflammatory influence of CBD on the brain suggests that it may provide more potent and enduring benefits for depressed patients than current drugs. While animal studies are merely a precursor for human, clinical trials, such research has highlighted how an antidepressant effect lasting several days can be obtained from just one dose of CBD.

CBD for neuropathic pain

Neuropathic pain occurs when nerves involved with the transferral of information between the brain and spinal cord and other regions of the body. Symptoms of conditions like multiple sclerosis (MS) tend to be intensely painful, and hard to manage.  Neuropathic pain severely affects quality of life, due to loss of mobility.

A study in Anesthesia and Analgesia in 2017 showed why CBD may be helpful for chronic nerve pain. Treatment may also help to combat fatigue and enhance sleep quality by easing pain at night. To relieve this type of pain in the daytime, vaping or smoking hemp-derived CBD products may be best. At night, a CBD edible product like CBD gummies will last for longer. Boost CBD’s sedative effects with a product that contains indica terpenes. 

CBD oil for brain injuries

It may be possible to alleviate the damage caused by strokes, traumatic brain injuries and concussions by using CBD, and hemp-derived CBD products. A rat model found that CBD treatment could reduce brain damage from an artificial ischemia stroke. MRI scans showcased the benefits of CBD administration. Researchers found that CBD reduced neuronal loss and helped with long-term recovery, by regulating various factors, including brain inflammation and apoptosis.

A 2018 study looked at the potential of medicinal cannabis to treat concussion syndrome and concussion-related pain in humans. They suggested that medical cannabis could be helpful, and that treatments with 1:1 THC to CBD were better than 20:1 THC to CBD. Therefore, CBD looks to have a medicinal effect that is worth studying in more depth.

CBD for brain fog

Most of us experience a mental slump at some point in life. This brain fog can be due to symptoms of other illnesses, like fibromyalgia. But there are several factors that could lead to a decline in cognition, from brain inflammation to poor gut health. The good news is that the ECS regulates cognitive function and memory, and could help to ease brain fog symptoms, and bring back mental clarity.

Any CBD product where the cannabinoids are taken into the brain can help with mental fogginess. Those wanting a rapid boost and perhaps a creative spark may want to try products with sativa terpenes. Sativas enhance mood, and have pleasant cerebral effects.

CBD for Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Huntington’s disease

Could CBD really help with Alzheimer’s disease? There is certainly optimism among the CBD community, because of the neurogenesis that CBD provides to the hippocampus. Memory is regulated here, and hippocampal atrophy, or shrinkage, has been linked to Alzheimer’s. A Brazilian patient is now being prescribed CBD for Alzheimer’s after getting special permission, and it will be intriguing to see the long-term effects of treatment for this form of dementia. 

Parkinson’s groups all over the world are expressing their support for the relaxation of laws surrounding medical cannabis. CBD’s potential for this neurodegenerative illness is unclear. But studies have shown that CBD can reduce psychotic symptoms, and relieve depression and anxiety. It may also help with tremors and sleeping problems. CBD is an inverse agonist of CPR6 receptors in the basal ganglia, a potential target for future Parkinson’s medication.

Huntington’s is a brain disorder that adversely affects cognition, emotional processing and motor control, and the illness is inherited.Huntington’s develops in the 30s and 40s, and damages nerve cells in the brain. CBD has actually been researched for Huntington’s for many decades. In 1991, a controlled clinical trial showed that CBD had no effect on the disease. Other studies have found that cannabinoids are neuroprotective and may help. We require more research to be confident of the effects.

Can CBD reverse brain damage?

CBD for brain disorders is an exciting prospect. Initial research for many brain issues looks promising. However, it is also clear that while CBD is good for some conditions, it may not help with all. It’s tempting to talk about CBD as if it were some kind of panacea. But this only discredits the treatment for what it is useful for.

However, as a means of damage limitation, CBD certainly looks like it helps to reduce the impact of strokes and traumatic brain injuries. CBD treatment could be an effective tool for doctors and paramedics to have on hand.

CBD for brain healing following chronic cannabis use

A growing number of people are worried that they have damaged their brains irreversibly by consuming too much super-strength high-THC cannabis for too long. These concerns are legitimate. THC can be neurotoxic in large quantities, and especially so without the balancing effects of CBD.

But it is this moderating influence of CBD which makes it the perfect candidate for brain healing. While the brain’s structure can become damaged, it can just as easily be repaired with a neurogenesis treatment like CBD. Indeed, research has found that the more devastating the effects of chronic cannabis consumption, the more therapeutic that CBD can be.

What is CBD brain disease?

If you have researched CBD and the brain for yourself, you may have come across another type of CBD, which stands for corticobasal degeneration. This describes a condition that can impair memory, while making speech and movement more difficult. CBS is another acronym for this illness. It causes increased damage to brain cells, and eventually brain cell death.

Just to reassure you, this type of CBD has nothing to do with cannabidiol, the cannabinoid! And if you are doing your own research, remember to make this distinction!

Final thoughts

The true benefits of CBD for the brain may take years to fully show. Research is really promising for many areas. But we are a long way off knowing for sure just exactly how valuable CBD can be for various illnesses. However, thanks to the safety of CBD products, you can have the confidence to experiment, and find out whether they work for your health problems. CBD is legal. But CBD hemp oil companies must keep the THC level below 0.3 percent. Already using CBD? Let us know how it helps you! 

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An in-depth look at CBD and mental health

Mental illnesses and general mental health are receiving a lot of attention nowadays. Society is realizing that psychological disorders can have a devastating effect on a person. And many drugs for the likes of anxiety and depression are notorious for their ineffectiveness. This is a great concern given the prevalence of these conditions in the modern world.

But studies on CBD, a chemical compound from hemp and cannabis, is transforming how scientists view mental health. New treatments for mental medical conditions are becoming a possibility, thanks to the remarkable research currently taking place. Indeed, many CBD users have gone one step ahead, and are using legal hemp-based products already to manage their disorders.

This post will really get into the nitty gritty of CBD oil’s potential for mental health issues. We will cover the following, and more:


  • Whether CBD works for various mental illnesses
  • How CBD works for different mental disorders
  • If CBD can replace certain prescription drugs
  • Why CBD is a better option than THC for improving mental health
  • Which CBD products may yield the most mental health benefits

Without further ado, let’s find out if CBD is good for mental health.

What does CBD do for mental health?

CBD stands for cannabidiol, and comes from the hemp plant. Recently, hemp oil products rich in CBD have become popular in the United States. This follows two federal acts that have served to loosen restrictions around and now fully legalize hemp. CBD is a cannabinoid, rare but potent chemicals that come from cannabis. These are very influential for our overall health, because of the all-encompassing presence of cannabinoid receptors throughout the body.

CBD research is now starting to flood in, after being suppressed for many years. The illegality of cannabis under federal law has made it very difficult to acquire funding to study the plant and its compounds. But CBD’s medical potential for mental health is starting to shine. Early studies looking at how the cannabinoid tweaks the brain’s chemical makeup. How CBD enacts positive physical changes are very promising.

Exploring CBD’s benefits for mental health

We’ll cover how CBD appears to work for several mental illnesses and brain fog in this section, and suggest which products may be most helpful. Bear in mind these statements have not been evaluated by the FDA, and that this article is not medical advice, merely educational content.


The World Health Organization has said than 1 in 13 people globally suffer from anxiety. The condition appears subtle on the outside, but can wreak havoc on the inside. Anxiety changes a person’s thought processes. It can cause high levels of fear, panic attacks and lots of unhelpful worst-case scenario thinking. Anxiety’s causes are complicated, but so far appear to be due to neurotransmitter imbalances and serotonin system issues. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), the same drugs used to treat depression, are regularly used for anxiety, with varying results. The slow response of these drugs reduces their effectiveness.

CBD is a serotonin 1A receptor agonist, a mechanism that produces an anxiolytic effect. The boost that CBD gives to gamma-Aminobutyric (GABA) neurotransmitters also relaxes the brain, and may alleviate anxiety. CBD can be used to manage many general and social anxiety disorders because of how rapidly it works. Using a vape juice ensures that CBD is into the bloodstream and then the brain in just seconds. This helps anxiety sufferers much more than a drug that may take weeks to work.


Likewise, the slow response of SSRIs for depression shows why treatments for this mental illness are in need of a shakeup. SSRIs eventually have an antidepressant benefit for some users. The gradual neurogenesis effect may be more responsible, however, than the serotonin enhancement. Depression treatment are subpar because the condition has historically not been understood well. Brain wellness was thought to come down to chemical composition, but the brain’s physical state also looks to be key. CBD works with the latter as an antidepressant.

A CBD study on rodents found that the cannabinoid relieves depression by fixing neuronal circuitry in the prefrontal cortex. CBD initiates this effect by stimulating brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which is crucial for neurogenesis. Encouraging brain growth is also how CBD repairs the hippocampus, an effect that improves memory and motivation.

Those planning on a long-term CBD treatment plan might find edibles better, as the dose stays active for longer. But a quicker antidepressant effect can be received by consuming CBD from a vape pen, tincture oil or hemp flower.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

For many years, OCD was considered an anxiety disorder, but it is now viewed as a separate condition. Furthermore, research shows that OCD is more prevalent in society than initially believed, with more than 1 percent of the US adult population affected. People are turning to CBD products as a solution, and are having great results – but why?

The obsessive and compulsive intrusive thoughts that OCD is notorious for come from irregularities in the brain. SSRIs are sometimes used to treat OCD, and they work for some, but not others. However, this does show that changing brain functioning can relieve OCD symptoms. Available studies suggest CBD may treat OCD by acting on the limbic system. Keeping more anandamide, a natural endocannabinoid in the body, which CBD does, may be to thank for the beneficial effects.

That OCD patients are already using CBD to tackle their symptoms is a good sign. It adds weight to the earlier research conducted, and more studies on CBD hemp products will further develop our understanding.

Bipolar disorder

The relationship between cannabis and bipolar disorder is intriguing. Some people report a reduction in symptoms following treatment, while others find that they get worse. This suggests that the type of cannabis being used is key, and the quantity of CBD in particular. Therefore, could CBD be better as a solo treatment for bipolar, than the entire marijuana plant?

Bipolar causes serious mood swings – a combination of mania and depression. This irregular mood may be manageable through the endocannabinoid system (ECS) where CBD functions. Mood is controlled at the CB1 receptor – these are found in the central nervous system. Naturally, anandamide binds to the CB1 receptor. In contrast, CBD inhibits CB1 receptor activity as an antagonist. But CBD also blocks anandamide reuptake. Therefore, while not creating the compound, it makes more available so that the CB1 receptor can operate naturally.

More research on CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is needed regarding bipolar. It’s possible that CBD alones works best, or that a combination is better.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

PTSD affects one in 10 people at some point in life. The disorder causes traumatic flashbacks and nightmares, from extremely negative experiences that have occurred. For example, war veterans are especially vulnerable to PTSD. Some innovative new treatments for PTSD are being studied and considered, including psilocybin from ‘magic’ mushrooms’ and MDMA. However, both of these are still Schedule 1 substances, while CBD is not.

Now researchers know the ECS is implicated in emotional memory processing, influencing how the ECS works has become possible as a PTSD treatment. Early studies on CBD’s potential for PTSD have been conducted on rodents. This is common when researching cannabinoid treatments for mental health disorders. The research has shown that CBD may inhibit the consolidation of negative memories, and also help to extinguish them.

Some PTSD patients feel that the mild psychoactive effects of THC help with combating symptoms. The compound may have a deleterious effect on negative memories. But as an intoxicating substance, THC is not for everyone, just as psilocybin and MDMA may not be in the future.

Psychosis and schizophrenia

These nasty mental illnesses have a close relationship with cannabis for two reasons. THC has the potential to bring them out or worsen them due to its psychoactive properties. However, the contrasting CBD may be beneficial, precisely because it works oppositely to THC. New drugs for psychosis and schizophrenia have become a necessity, as current treatments can cause weight gain, restlessness and sexual health problems.

Reducing CB1 receptor activity as a negative allosteric modulator (NAM) may explain why CBD is therapeutic for these mental illnesses. What’s great about CBD in comparison to typical antipsychotic drugs is the absence of serious side effects. With any drug, it’s not just the benefits that are important, but the balance between medical value and side effects.

CBD for brain fog

In a world where self-optimization is in demand, interest in nootropics is rising. But there’s perhaps no better way than to boost your cognition and clear away brain fog than with natural CBD products. The ECS is implicated in cognition regulation, and CBD is a neuroprotective and antioxidant. Many CBD users find that small doses serve to peak their focus, and make studying easier. Those affected by mental blockages may also enjoy more clarity with CBD.

If brain fog is the result of chronic cannabis use, then CBD is also a good go-to treatment. The restorative role that CBD plays in the brain is great for improving memory. It may even help to reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease.

CBD is more therapeutic than regular cannabis for mental health

The benefits of CBD oil for mental health are becoming clear. And what is also apparent is how CBD tends to be better than THC and, in many cases, a mix of the two. Intoxication is best avoided with the likes of anxiety, with CBD products having a more potent calming effect. 

That’s not to say THC cannot be used to improve mental health, but that is a less predictable substance. Indeed, some find the strong, short-term mood-boosting effects to work wonders. And for PTSD, taking THC may speed up the recovery process. But THC-rich cannabis may perhaps be preferable for those who already have experience with marijuana. New users who aren’t so familiar may struggle to obtain the positives from the psychoactive drug.

Final thoughts

Mental health is a huge problem right now, but the future looks bright. Scientists have lots of drugs to study in the coming years, and CBD is just one of them. What’s even better about CBD is that it is already well-known among Americans, with millions of users. CBD vaping for mental health can be really effective for patients who need rapid improvements to their condition. Capsules and other CBD products that work more steadily are perfect for sustained relief.

The cannabis plant has a profound effect on the brain, and this can be a positive or a negative. We can see this from the differing effects of CBD and THC. This only emphasizes how important it is for CBD to be used sensibly. Providing it is, CBD can yield numerous significant psychological benefits. Have any insight on CBD for mental health that you’d like to share? Please leave a comment below! 

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Why CBD works for teenage depression, acne and more

 Cannabidiol (CBD) products are preferable to cannabis for many reasons. But one of the most crucial is that they are suitable for all ages. Responsible use is, however, essential. Nearly all of the CBD that is available in the American market comes from industrial hemp. This plant is naturally very low in psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a great bonus for making CBD products.

In this article, we are going to cover:

  • How CBD could potentially help teenagers and young adults
  • Study CBD’s antidepressant properties
  • Look at how CBD may relieve acne symptoms
  • Analyze how CBD might alleviate anxiety
  • Suggest which CBD products may be most beneficial


It’s fair to say that many depression patients are crying out for a new treatment – and one that works! The leading class of antidepressant drug has been, for thirty years, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Initially, the science and logic behind SSRIs looked sound. Serotonin is a hormone that the body naturally produces. Serotoa major regulatory effect on our mood and social behavior. 

The prevailing theory was that depression patients were suffering from a lack of serotonin. SSRI drugs could supposedly help to correct that chemical imbalance. In doing so, this would alleviate symptoms of low mood and motivation. It’s important to note that SSRIs merely block serotonin from being degraded. They aren’t a means to creating more of the hormone.

However, research has shown that the effectiveness of SSRIs has declined over time. This is indicative of an initial placebo effect, which made patients think these drugs were more beneficial than they actually are. Nowadays, some still find help from SSRIs. But it is commonly accepted that the therapeutic value of drugs like Prozac are limited. Furthermore, we don’t fully understand the full impact that these drugs even have on the body. It is feasible that the antidepressant properties of SSRIs has little – or nothing – to do with their enhancing effect on serotonin.

Therefore, researchers are now channelling their efforts into new avenues. Those studying cannabinoids, the endocannabinoid system (ECS) and the brain are optimistic about the potential of CBD for teenage depression. And, indeed, depression in patients of all ages. CBD’s non-psychoactive nature immediately gives it a good start as a future mainstream drug. Ad glut of studies featured in peer-reviewed scientific journals is fuelling that optimism amongst CBD advocates.

The hippocampus 

Research on CBD is helping to uproot the narrative that depression is the result of a serotonin imbalance. In recent times, some scientists have been looking into the negative effects of neurological inflammation. This causes damage and structural changes to the brain. Brain scans and studies have shown that several areas of the brain are physically changed by depression. We are going to look at two in particular: the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex.

The former holds huge influence over memory and motivation. We can see the harmful effects of hippocampal damage in chronic cannabis users. Some experience memory loss and motivational decline. This is due to the regular and long-term intake of psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

It is perhaps ironic then that one of the emerging treatments for depression comes from the cannabis and hemp plants. But that is thanks to CBD having the complete opposite effect of THC on the hippocampus. Instead of being neurotoxic, CBD sparks hippocampal growth. Another cannabinoid – the non-intoxicating cannabichromene (CBC) has the same effect. A 2015 study identified this in humans for the first time. Both of these chemicals are present in full-spectrum CBD products.

The prefrontal cortex

Moving on to the prefrontal cortex. Molecular Neurobiology published the most relevant study yet in 2018. The teaming up of neuroscientists from Denmark and Brazil made it possible. Their study revolved around researching the antidepressant effects of CBD in rodents. While not as good as a study in humans would have been, rodents are a good first step. They are often used for neuroscience research as their brains have much in common with humans’.

The study focussed on how CBD fixed broken neuronal circuitry in the prefrontal cortex. This likely improved the brain’s ability to handle complex cognitive planning, decision making and personality expression. Researchers noted how CBD sparked an increase in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which stimulates neurogenesis. The decline of BDNF after a few days was taken as a sign that the effects were wearing off.

The future

The main takeaway from this study was the sheer potency of CBD as an antidepressant treatment. This puts it in stark contrast to SSRIs. The experts demonstrated how just one dose of CBD produced antidepressant effects lasting for almost one week. SSRIs must be taken daily by humans with depression. Positive effects rarely show for a fortnight, if no longer. So, what exactly was CBD doing to the prefrontal cortex to make such a significant change in the rodents?

We must wait on this research. But we can already see that Americans with depression are benefitting from CBD treatment. Let’s turn our attention to results from a questionnaire that was answered last year by more than 2400 CBD users. Out of those who are taking CBD for medicinal purposes, depression was listed as the fourth most common illness being remedied. They accounted for nigh on 20% of all medicinal CBD usage. That figure is remarkable given that there is currently no concrete scientific evidence that CBD can help with depression. It proves that this is an area which needs much more attention from researchers. And most of all, it shows the desperate requirement for more funding.

As for which CBD products may work best for depression, the jury is out. A treatment where the CBD remains active for longer would yield the most benefit. In which case, depression sufferers may want to look at CBD capsules or edibles. This is opposed to vape juices and tinctures. However, any CBD product where the CBD is taken into the body and then the brain is likely to help.


Acne is a skin disorder that causes many more problems than just oily skin. This is just the primary physical symptom. It’s the adverse side effect that acne has on confidence which can be most devastating. Those affected obsess over spots and zits, and sometimes even go into a prolonged period of depression. The aesthetic harm that acne causes can be especially worrisome for younger people. Hence why it is so encouraging that CBD skin care products may help with teenage acne.

Unsurprisingly, given the proliferation of hormonal acne, the alternative health market has been flooded with treatments for the skin disorder. While some of these may be effective, others have been shown to be downright dangerous. Take Roaccutane, for instance. Many countries have pulled the acne remedy, as it can cause dry skin, nosebleeds and rashes. It’s likely that Roaccutane doesn’t work because it is aggressive on the skin.

How CBD works

CBD nurtures the skin to produce its anti-acne effects. The key to the acne puzzle is regulating levels of sebum. The sebaceous glands create this natural oil. Acne is the result of overactivity in these glands. Excess sebum is responsible for oily skin and clogged – and potentially infected – pores. CBD soothes the sebaceous glands. One study coined the cannabinoid a “sebostatic”. This regulating effect returns sebum production levels to a normal and sustainable rate. Therefore, a CBD topical doesn’t just manage the symptoms of acne. It is also free of the side effects that other acne treatments bring.

Ideally, a large scientific investigation on the benefits of CBD for acne will be carried out in the near future. At present, our knowledge is based around a handful of studies – not all directly related to acne – and some anecdotal evidence. Clearly, an acne cream is the best possible treatment for the condition. CBD creams deliver anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antimicrobial effects directly to the skin. The all-round properties of CBD help to calm acne, as well as redness, scars and itching.


Anxiety affects many teenagers and young adults. Maybe this is due to mental health being less of a taboo in today’s world and the younger generation. This could make people more willing to report it. The online world and social media may also exacerbate anxiety. Switching off has become impossible for many.

As with depression, mental health scientists have been slow to get to the root causes of anxiety. Subsequently, we have substandard treatments for the disorder. Anxiety patients get SSRI prescription for their condition. But the results are mediocre. However, CBD research suggests things may soon get better for anxiety patients.

The key to resolving anxiety seems to be in calming and relaxing the brain and the mind. Easier said than done, but CBD operates in some novel ways. CBD influences the serotonin 1A receptor in the serotonin system and the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA). These are independent from each other, but both can be worked with to deliver anxiolytic effects.

Studies have also shown how CBD is effective for anxiety in practical – and particularly social – situations. This is important. It’s all very well knowing how CBD reduces anxiety in theory, but it needs to work in practice. An investigation in 2011 compared the responses that anxiety sufferers had to CBD and a placebo in a simulated speaking test. The results found that the group given the former enjoyed less anxiety before and during their speech.

Chronic cannabis users

For those who have taken too much cannabis in their younger years, there is good news. CBD can reduce the potential harm that this has done to the brain. This is arguably more of a problem than ever before, considering that cannabis is now stronger than ever. THC’s impact, as we described earlier, is neurotoxic for the hippocampus.

But the neurogenesis properties of CBD and a full hemp extract can reverse memory and motivation loss. A study published in 2018 showed how CBD had the biggest therapeutic effect in those with the most severe hippocampal issues. 

Final thoughts

CBD has huge potential for younger people. It may even deal with some of the most serious health problems that the youth are dealing with today. CBD needs comprehensive clinical trials for medical approval. CBD research must now progress.The FDA approval process takes time, as a new drug must go through several phases of testing. But a CBD drug called Epidiolex for epilepsy has successfully passed. This indicates that CBD could also win approval for other illnesses. 

The early promise of CBD is undeniable. And the great effects that people are already enjoying with CBD suggests a bright future. The availability of funding dollars is key. Then we can make these crucial discoveries, sooner rather than later. Do you have a story about CBD use for younger people? Drop us a line in the comments – we want to hear from you!