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The argument for smoking CBD joints 

Years ago, society considered smoking to be a positive. Indeed, you would even see doctors talking about the apparent “benefits” of smoking cigarettes. But in recent decades, we have found out much more about the dangers of tobacco smoking – it can cause cancer, and potentially life-threatening issues with the respiratory system. And cigarettes can be frighteningly difficult to quit because of the nicotine addiction that comes with them.

However, it is important to note that medical marijuana and smokable cannabidiol (CBD) products, such as CBD pre-rolled joints are quite a bit different from standard smoking. And there are perfectly valid reasons why a CBD user would choose hemp flower as their preferred way of taking CBD. 

This article will make the argument for smoking CBD, in a world where the act of smoking has been demonised. We’ll be focussing on:


  • The benefits of smoking CBD 
  • Why CBD smoking is different to cigarette smoking
  • How to smoke CBD 
  • The smokable CBD products available today 
  • How CBD can help you to stop smoking 

Smoking offers the most rapid CBD effects 

Smoking is simply the most efficient way of getting CBD molecules into the body. With all other consumption methods, the effects are slightly delayed. This is more obvious with capsules and edibles, as the CBD only gets into the bloodstream after being digested and absorbed through the stomach. 

But when smoking, CBD’s passage into the bloodstream is almost direct, going straight in via the lungs. The health benefits for this are, therefore, often more pronounced. This is excellent for pain relief and treating rheumatoid arthritis. But we’ll get more into the specific therapeutic benefits of hemp plants and smoking hemp buds later in the post. 

Comparing smoking CBD with smoking tobacco 

When considering CBD and tobacco smoking, it’s vital to remember that it is not the smoking itself which is addictive. The reason that cigarette smoking is addictive is purely down to the nicotine from the tobacco. While tobacco addiction is extremely problematic, the same cannot be said for smoking high-CBD strains. The effects of cigarette smoking are rather notorious in the 21st century, with common illnesses including bronchitis, emphysema and lung cancer. 

No amount of CBD is addictive, and instead, some research suggests that CBD may be effective in treating addiction. In reality, this means that you can pick up CBD joint smoking when you feel like it, and then stop at a moment’s notice. There’s no risk of becoming dependent. Whether this is true of general marijuana – which contains a psychoactive element called tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) – is up for debate. Some have argued that THC is either physically or mentally addictive, or both. However, more studies are necessary to know that for sure. 

How smoking CBD may help you 

Now you know that smoking CBD joints can be done in a positive, and therapeutic way, let’s look in more depth at the specific illnesses and health issues that hemp flower may be good for. 

Smoking CBD for fibromyalgia 

CBD is a promising treatment for fibromyalgia. The condition has posed many problems for scientists hoping to find a cure. Fibromyalgia’s symptoms are unusual, and impact both mental and physical wellbeing. Researchers studying cannabis and cannabinoids, however, have identified the endocannabinoid system (ECS) as a possible root cause. This is logical in the sense that the ECS regulates both physical and psychological health variables. 

Smoking CBD is an efficient way of clearing any ‘fibro fog’, a form of cognitive dysfunction that many fibromyalgia sufferers experience. It’s also great for managing the pain that comes with the condition. Fibromyalgia pain is typically very intense, hence why the quick relief offered by CBD is so welcome. 

Smoking CBD for anxiety 

Anxiety is another disorder where rapid relief is essential for the CBD to have a meaningful effect. Anxiety patients don’t get much benefit from a treatment that doesn’t begin to work instantly, since the symptoms are a problem in the moment, and generally subside once removed from the anxiety-inducing situation. However, these symptoms can have a devastating effect on quality of life if not brought under control. 

Smoking CBD before an event that is likely to cause anxiety will bring at least two or three hours of anxiety relief. A high-CBD joint with a rich percentage of CBD allows for a large dose of CBD to be taken in at once. Research on CBD and anxiety seems to show that big doses are most beneficial for easing the mental condition. 

Smoking CBD for inflammatory problems 

CBD and cannabinoids have revelatory potential as a remedy for improving immune system functioning and treating inflammation. Scientists happened across the ECS in the early 1990s, and have since learned how the system interacts with others in the body. This led to unearthing the close link between the immune system and the CB2 (cannabinoid receptor 2) in the ECS. In essence, CBD manages inflammation by making sure these receptors are regulated. This is done by promoting healthy levels of endocannabinoids, many of which are CB2 receptor agonists.

In reality, this means that hemp oil and CBD cigarettes are really powerful anti-inflammatory treatments. For illnesses such as arthritis, CBD hemp flower represents a product that can start soothing joint pain almost immediately. Patients who have suffered from reduced mobility and lower quality of life because of arthritis may find that CBD joints give them a new lease of life. 

CBD for quitting smoking 

Fascinatingly, CBD may even help smokers to kick their tobacco habit. Some small studies that have been conducted on the anti-addictive effects of CBD. One, that was focussed on smoking, showed that smokers given a CBD inhaler significantly cut back their intake of cigarettes over a week-long period. The study had a couple of caveats. As a small investigation, it’s impossible to say if CBD had a genuine impact. The study was placebo-controlled, though the short timeframe wasn’t long enough to provide conclusive results. 

That said, CBD has also demonstrated anti-addictive effects for heroin addicts. Researchers have theorized that CBD’s regulating effect on opioid receptors could be the mechanism behind this response. Smokers trying to give up nicotine could simply experiment on themselves by smoking a CBD joint over a cigarette, and seeing if this reduces their intake over time.  

Smoking CBD for pain 

Smoking CBD for chronic pain is a very popular reason for consuming CBD.This also extends to medical cannabis. Proponents have seized upon the analgesic effects of cannabis plants when arguing for marijuana reform. With many types of pain, and neuropathic in particular, a treatment needs to be fast-acting to really benefit the patient. And that’s exactly what CBD joints offer. Not having to wait around for the relief to be felt enables those affected by pain to enjoy an active lifestyle, and for their quality of life not to be impeded.

CBD joints are a better option than cannabis joints for many users, as the former don’t come with any psychoactive side effects. Not everyone is negatively affected by cannabis, but taking the plant (in any way) does trigger anxiety and paranoia in some. This is exacerbated if in an unfamiliar or unpleasant situation. 

How to smoke CBD 

CBD is smokable in a few different ways, although each method broadly produces the same effects. Cannabis users will probably know all about these, but let’s run through them anyway!

In a joint 

Most people smoke CBD flower in a joint.  Some like to buy pre-rolls to save them the fiddly hassle of rolling. However, others love the art of rolling and consider it a part of the cannabis and CBD experience. Rolling yourself also gives users the ability to mix different strains together, as to complement the indica and sativa properties of different buds. 

Smoking a joint is a touch unhealthier than other methods, because the smoke from the paper is also being inhaled. That’s why it’s best to use natural papers, that contain as few chemicals as possible. 

In a pipe, bong or bubbler 

Smoking CBD flower in a pipe, bong or bubbler takes papers out of the equation. All of these are great for users who want a somewhat smooth and cooler hit. The smoke is hottest in a pipe. The water in a bubbler provides cooler smoke. Bongs give you the coolest smoke of all because they can hold the greatest amount of water. This makes for bigger rips, and a greater intake of CBD at once. Bongs are, therefore, perfect for CBD users who favor strong, and quickly-delivered doses. 

The only drawback with these three is that some cleaning and maintenance is required for optimum smoking sessions. Failure to keep your equipment in tip-top shape will lead to a taste that declines over time. CBD and cannabis smokers usually clean their glass pieces with alcohol and salts. 

Mixing CBD and THC-rich flower  

Combining CBD and THC-rich bud is a cool trick that allows you to enjoy a smoke from days gone by. Today’s weed is more potent than ever, meaning that THC concentrations are way up, while CBD levels are in freefall. Disturbing the cannabinoid makeup in strains may have unintended consequences that we don’t yet know about. 

That’s why recreational users should serious think about propping up their THC-laden joints with some CBD. Biologists and historians are pretty certain that humans’ use of cannabis goes back thousands, if not tens of thousands of years. However, 21st century marijuana is a new prospect altogether, and one humans have never encountered. We’re yet to really understand the long-term effects of high-strength pot. 

Some drawbacks of smoking CBD 

Smoking CBD is still unhealthier than CBD oil and all other CBD products, including vaping. The crucial point is that it’s not as risky as smoking tobacco cigarettes or even normal cannabis. However, CBD joint smoking is also pretty smelly, and the least discreet method of all. This isn’t a problem if you live in a legal state and are happy to smoke at home, with no need to worry about the smell. But the odor is just like cannabis and could cause problems if you have nosy neighbors. Or even if you don’t want your clothes to have a weed-tinged aroma. 

For those who really want to get the CBD benefits we have discussed, but without the negatives of smoking, there are plenty of other CBD products available. 

Other CBD options 

Vaping is effectively the same as smoking in regard to how the CBD gets into your body. CBD e-liquids don’t have the strong smell. With no combustion involved, vaping is also healthier. CBD tincture oils almost match smoking and vaping for speed of effects. Users who want a CBD hit to last them several hours, such as overnight, trend towards edibles, syrups, capsules and other orally-consumed products.

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Discussing various cannabinoid effects and benefits 

The marijuana plant is very complex, as are cannabinoid effects on the body. Experts have discovered more than 100 unique cannabinoids from their research on cannabis and cannabinoids. Studying these compounds in-depth is key to determining the effects of marijuana, although scientists are only just getting started. 

There are two cannabinoids that just about everyone with medicinal or recreational knowledge of cannabis is aware of: cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). CBD is non-intoxicating, and is highly touted for having novel therapeutic value. THC is psychoactive and integral to the cannabis ‘high’, but is medicinal in its own right. The conflicting properties of THC has made endorsing medical marijuana a conundrum for doctors and politicians alike.

Then there are other, less-discussed cannabinoids which adorn marijuana and hemp. These include cannabigerol (CBG), cannabinol (CBN), cannabichromene (CBC), cannabidivarin (CBDV), and tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV). These generally only naturally appear in small concentrations, but can be crucial to determining the effects of a strain. 

In this post, we are going to analyse the effects of CBD and THC, and the five second-tier cannabinoids that we have mentioned. We’ll cover all of this, and more:

  • The physical and mental benefits of CBD
  • THC’s medicinal value and its popularity as a recreational substance 
  • CBC’s benefits for the brain 
  • The anti-inflammatory properties of CBG
  • The effects of CBN, CBDV and THCV

But let’s get started with CBD.

Getting to know CBD 

The potential benefits of CBD are numerous, and the cannabinoid also comes with hardly any side effects. CBD’s effects change from a low to high dose, and also depending on the way that the compound is taken. Oils and e-liquids deliver the effects rapidly, while capsules and edibles promote a long-lasting experience. This all comes down to the changing pharmacology of CBD with different intake methods.

CBD works with receptors and neurotransmitters all over the body to produce therapeutic effects. Many of these can be traced back to the endocannabinoid system (ECS), but CBD has been shown to influence other biological networks too, such as the serotonin system. 

But in the ECS, CBD serves a regulatory purpose. All the cannabinoids in the cannabis plant have a role to play here. However, CBD encourages ECS regulation through natural means, by ensuring the body has the right levels of endocannabinoids, so they can bind with cannabinoid receptors.

CBD’s mental benefits 

CBD is considered by some to be the anxiety and depression drug of the future. The chemical also has possible anti-addiction properties which should be of interest to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Beyond that, CBD may be effective for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), bipolar disorder, psychosis and schizophrenia.

Starting with anxiety, CBD is not just beneficial here because of the changes it makes to the body. Key to CBD’s anti-anxiety value is the speed in which the effects occur. The SSRI drugs that anxiety patients are currently stuck with may have an effect in the long-term. But they can’t be used to suppress anxiety at short notice. In contrast, vaping CBD or taking it via tincture oil quickly restores neurotransmitter balance in the brain. This stops the excessive electrical activity and increased thought processes that are attributed to anxiety. This is not dissimilar to how CBD relieves epilepsy.

Depression and more

In regard to depression, CBD may be most useful by treating brain inflammation, as opposed to changing neurological chemical makeup. Scientists are still trying to work out exactly how the human body functions. Recent studies suggest that inflammation can cause damage to parts of the brain that are associated with depression – these include the amygdala, the hippocampus, and the prefrontal cortex. By lowering levels of inflammation, and supporting the growth of new brain cells, CBD can provide sustained antidepressant effects. 

With PTSD, trials have found that CBD can block the consolidation of bad memories, while helping to extinguish them. CBD also has antipsychotic effects, by virtue of how it impacts the CB1 receptor. CBD’s effect on this receptor couldn’t be more different than THC’s. This is why the former may help with schizophrenia and psychosis, while the latter seems to make it worse. CB1 receptor regulation is likely the mechanism that CBD reduces bipolar disorder symptoms. The CB1 receptor is implicated in many mental variables, including mood.

CBD’s physical benefits

The immune system is key to many of the physical benefits of CBD. When researchers learned that there was a connection between this system and the ECS, this marked a huge breakthrough in the development of anti-inflammatory drugs. It showed that CBD oil, among other hemp-based products, could be used to safely manage inflammation levels. In doing so, this has opened up new, and more effective treatments for arthritis, coeliac disease, hepatitis, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and even allergies.

Moreover, CBD could prove to be vital to treating the root cause of autoimmune diseases. These are the result of a dysfunctional immune system. But by regulating the ECS, and specifically the CB2 receptor, this promotes balance in the body’s immune system response. 

CBD may also be useful for relieving chronic pain. The ECS is implicated in pain perception and sensitivity, with CBD helping via CB1 receptor regulation. CBD and anandamide, the most influential endocannabinoid in the ECS, also exert therapeutic effects on the vanilloid receptor, where pain is also controlled. 

Other possible positive health effects of CBD include boosting reproductive health, speeding up recovery time from bone breakages and fractures, and enhancing skin condition. As well as being an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory, CBD mitigates infection risks, boasting antibacterial and antimicrobial effects. CBD also helps to reduce nausea and vomiting. 

THC effects and benefits 

THC has psychoactive effects, and is best-known as a recreational substance.  This intoxication is mostly felt psychologically, with THC bringing major short-term changes to mood and appetite levels. However, these alterations can also bring about some negative side effects, notoriously anxiety and paranoia. 

There is also a slim chance that first-time cannabis users can experience psychotic or schizophrenic outbreaks. However, this only seems to happen in those already predisposed to these mental conditions. Also, those who take THC at a young age also risk adversely affecting their brain development. 

As a medicine, most of the interest surrounding THC revolves around its pain-killing effects. Indica-dominant strains are really helpful for pain management. THC’s main role is to reduce pain perception as a CB1 receptor agonist. THC is more potent than anandamide, the ECS’ natural CB1 receptor agonist. This is why THC is such an effective painkiller. 

THC also has huge potential as an anti-inflammatory. The compound works with the CB2 receptor in the same way, as an agonist, outdoing anandamide. This effect is interesting in relation to brain inflammation and depression. THC is beneficial. But the intoxicating effects have long been considered a problem. Perhaps the dosage of THC is key to whether full-plant cannabis can be used as an antidepressant.

Full-spectrum cannabis and the entourage effect

Experts are confident that whole-plant cannabis is more powerful than when the cannabinoids are isolated. This is all to do with the ‘entourage effect’. The synergy that the likes of THC and CBD generate when used in conjunction makes them more beneficial. This may be vital in treating conditions such as fibromyalgia. 

Studies have identified the ECS as a potential root cause of the illness. A natural cannabis remedy, which incorporates all the compounds in the herb, looks to be more helpful than just THC, or just CBD. This is according to those researching the concept of ‘Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency’.  

CBC cannabinoid effects and benefits

CBC is a cannabinoid that appears in many full-spectrum cannabis and hemp products. This compound is never present in the quantities of CBD or THC. But CBC isn’t intoxicating, and likely has medicinal properties. CBC stimulates new brain cell growth, just as CBD does. For the hippocampus, this translates to a cognitive boost, for memory and motivation. Therefore, a hemp product centered around CBD and CBC could provide extra benefits. 

CBC also appears to help with limiting swelling after an injury. The anti-inflammatory effects of this compound have not been fully studied, but are unusual. CBC limits inflammation in the intestinal tract. However, it doesn’t produce these effects through cannabinoid receptor activation. It is feasible that CBC functions with another ECS receptor, and that it hasn’t yet been identified. Some have proposed that the GPR-55 receptor is part of the ECS, and should be called the CB3 receptor. 

CBN effects 

Cannabinol is another cannabinoid that won’t make you high. As with CBC, CBN hasn’t been studied too much. But it may be helpful for easing pain, and could also be used in natural antibacterial products. CBN is like most cannabinoids in that it has anti-inflammatory qualities. CBN levels in strains are typically below 1 percent. But it often pops up in full-spectrum CBD products, as a way of bringing out the entourage effect. 

CBDV benefits 

Cannabidivarin is popular for its anti-nausea and vomiting properties. CBDV has anti-seizure effects, and is likely effective at treating intractable epilepsy symptoms. Combinining this cannabinoid with CBD may make for a powerful, cannabinoid-based anti-epileptic drug. CBDV also indirectly stops the synthesization of 2-AG, a key endocannabinoid. What effect this has on the body is unclear, however. Although, one would assume it has some kind of health benefit, that is yet to be uncovered. 

CBG effects

Cannabigerol is perhaps the most well-known of the cannabinoids that aren’t named CBD or THC. Some brands are making products with a mixture of CBD and CBG. A potent antibacterial substance, CBG is great for managing and clearing up infections. CBG is really good for the bones, supporting growth. The cannabinoid also helps to relieve inflammation. CBG is a weak agonist of the CB1 receptor. Its effect on the CB2 receptor is so far unknown. But as CBG reduces inflammation, it is perhaps an agonist – to some degree – of this receptor. 

THCV effects

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) has some mild psychoactive effects. For this reason, strains like Durban Poison and Doug’s Varin that have lots of THC and some THCV can be more psychoactive than regular marijuana. Users find that THCV is an energizing strain, and can have a euphoric effect. That said, some report that THCV clears their head and brings about mental clarity. 

From a medical point of view, THCV is a CB1 and CB2 receptor agonist. This means it has anti-inflammatory effects, and is also an appetite stimulant. THCV may help with diabetes, and perhaps even Parkinson’s disease, according to the few studies that have been carried out. 

Final thoughts

The various types of cannabinoids found in hemp and cannabis are, as we have seen, all different. This suggests that cannabis-based medication could be dynamic. Different mixes of cannabinoids could help with totally unique conditions.

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CBD vs Prescription Drugs – what does the future hold?

One of the big questions that will be answered over the next few decades is just how many illnesses and conditions cannabidiol (CBD) treatment will replace prescription drugs for. CBD appears to have lots of medical potential for mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety, and physical conditions including chronic pain. CBD products are currently sold as dietary supplements, enhancing general wellness by boosting the endocannabinoid system (ECS).

Our understanding of CBD’s true therapeutic value, in consideration of its beneficial properties and side effects, compared to existing prescription drugs is set to grow. Demand for high-quality clinical trials is at an all-time high, as CBD consumption across America and around the world goes through the roof. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is slowing starting to get its act together. But as of July 2019, the only FDA-approved CBD drug is Epidiolex, an epilepsy treatment made by GW Pharmaceuticals of the United Kingdom.

This post will focus on a few areas where CBD has demonstrated promise as a medicine. We’ll look particularly at fields where current drugs are not up to standard. We’ll look at how CBD could be used, discussing the most suitable forms of administration, and the most effective doses.

Our analysis will look at:

  • CBD’s antipsychotic potential for psychosis and schizophrenia
  • Why CBD may be better than opioids for pain
  • The promise of CBD for anxiety and depression 
  • Cannabis and CBD’s medicinal value for migraines 
  • Why CBD may be a preferable anti-inflammatory drug to NSAIDs

Why it’s vital to seek professional advice 

We get it. You are super excited to try CBD, a derivative of the cannabis plant that doesn’t produce a high. Perhaps your friends have tried it and are having great results. Maybe you’ve been reading up on the medical benefits the cannabinoid has to offer. Are you ready to get in on the growing trend, and try out some of these innovative products yourself?

But if you are planning to start taking CBD alongside – or instead of – you should definitely seek a doctor’s advice first. The drug interactions between CBD and other substances have not been thoroughly studied, and certainly don’t get the attention they should. But there is some evidence that CBD can slow activity in the cytochrome P450 system. This means that CBD interferes with the metabolization of some drugs, affecting how much of the dose becomes active. Typically, this leads to a dosage increase of the prescription drug, even if you are taking the same amount as usual. 

CBD doesn’t affect all drugs in this way, hence why it is perfectly fine to combine CBD hemp oil and other products with your current medication. But you’ll only know for sure if you make contact with your doctor, who can give you the full information related to your situation. And most importantly, they’ll put your mind at rest.

What drugs interact with CBD oil? 

So far, we know that the following drugs interact with CBD oil: steroids, immune modulators, HIV antivirals, calcium channel blockers, prokinetics, antihistamines and benzodiazepines. 

CBD for psychosis and schizophrenia 

Scientific research has found it harder to penetrate the brain and its workings than other organs in the body. Indeed, the human brain is commonly accepted as the most complicated object in the known universe. This has made deciphering the causes and finding safe and suitable treatments for illnesses such as psychosis and schizophrenia very, very difficult. Moreover, use and abuse of recreational marijuana high in THC has been linked to these disorders.

But with antipsychotics failing to help patients enough, new drugs are necessary. CBD is intriguing because of its moderating role on THC. With both indica and sativa strains of marijuana, the richer the CBD content, the less of an overall high the user receives. It is through this CB1 receptor mechanism that CBD has antipsychotic promise. 

Should CBD treatment mark a new era for psychosis and schizophrenia medicine, it would almost certainly be CBD-infused products only. Any amount of THC would probably have a negative effect due to its psychoactive nature.

CBD for chronic pain 

The United States is just one of many countries around the world where healthcare systems are experiencing serious problems in treating chronic pain. Prescription opioid painkillers have demonstrated analgesic effectiveness, but are held back by side effects and overdose risks. Patients who are put on chronic pain treatment plans often end up having to manage an opioid addiction as well. More than 10,000 Americans die annually from prescription overdoses. It is paramount that researchers find a new painkiller medication. And ideally, one that is equally effective, and crucially much safer.

Cannabis is a natural area of research. Medical marijuana has been used for pain relief by patients in legal states for many years, and cannabis has a painkiller history that dates back millennia. However, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) has always been considered the key ingredient to the pain relief provided by marijuana. Its psychoactive properties have rankled with medical professionals, politicians and patients. Anti-marijuana arguments center around how the intoxicating effects can have damaging short and long-term impacts on mental health. The debate, in the context of opioids, on whether the upsides of THC outweigh the downsides for pain relief will continue. But could CBD, a distinctly non-intoxicating cannabinoid, have serious potential as a natural, low-risk painkiller? And if so, could it quickly become adopted widely in the US?

CBD research gives cause for optimism


The evidence is uncertain, but highlights the real need for extensive research. More people are using CBD for pain than anything else, according to a recent survey. However, this does not equate to clinical evidence, and could perhaps be the result of a significant placebo effect. The small studies that have been conducted on CBD and pain are inconclusive, but show some promise, in particular for neuropathic pain. 

Full-spectrum CBD products would likely be best for pain management, as these produce the ‘entourage effect’. This is an interaction between cannabinoids that makes them more therapeutic than if consumed as a single substance. The wide array of CBD products – such as hemp flower, creams, vape juices and edibles – is also exciting. This suggests there are many ways that CBD could be beneficial. Patients may get better results from using two products together (e.g. a cream with a vape juice). 

CBD for anxiety and depression

As explained in the ‘psychosis and schizophrenia’ section, any cannabis-based treatment for mental illness tends to divide opinion. But non-intoxicating CBD must be explored for anxiety and depression. For one, because patients are already taking CBD capsules and other products. But also since existing drugs are showing diminishing returns. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) the primary class of drug for both since the late 1980s, work at a snail’s pace, and some patients receive no benefits. This indicates that simply tweaking serotonin levels doesn’t solve the problem, and perhaps that these illnesses – and depression especially – are even more complex than they appear.

CBD’s popularity for anxiety and depression is backed up by a few studies which show it can have a therapeutic effect. Granted, this is not the same as hard, clinical evidence. But the bar is set low for new drugs. Any CBD treatment that can be shown to work would perhaps be preferable to SSRIs, since there is much less of a problem with side effects. SSRIs are notorious for making users tired, dizzy, nervous and even nauseous. In contrast, sleepiness only seems to occur with CBD after taking a large dose. 

Which CBD products are most effective

Finding the right type of CBD and medication plans that work for patients is the next step. With anxiety, it seems that the more rapidly a treatment kicks in, the better. This brings tincture oils to the fore, and also vape juices and CBD joints for those who are less concerned about the health risks.

For depression, any product will likely have a potent antidepressant effect. Research suggests that one dose can remain effective for several days. It’s possible that full-spectrum CBD is a more valuable antidepressant than CBD-isolate product. Other cannabinoids have shown potential as promoting neurogenesis and reducing inflammation. Tackling neuroinflammation may be critical to dealing with depression.

CBD for migraines 

Migraines are very painful headaches, and make some patients more vulnerable to sound and light. These are the ‘aura’ symptoms that people talk about regarding migraines. Researchers have developed drugs that manage the condition, without nailing down the root cause. However, new studies related to marijuana and hemp propose that the very ECS that cannabis works in could be to blame.

The idea that a dysregulated ECS is responsible for migraines comes under a theory called ‘Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency’. Proponents argue that those who suffer from migraines and certain other illnesses may not be generating the required levels of endocannabinoids to bind with and regulate cannabinoid receptors. Cannabinoids from hemp and cannabis act as substitutes to endocannabinoids. It’s perfectly feasible that the unique compounds from these plants are essential for treating migraines.

Small investigations have highlighted how cannabis is comparable with current migraine drugs in terms of benefits, and that it outperforms them in regard to side effects. The question is whether a pure non-intoxicating CBD solution is therapeutic in its own right, or if the added influence of THC is vital, or merely helpful.

CBD for inflammatory illnesses 

A future crisis with anti-inflammatory drugs may be looming. Aspirin, ibuprofen and other over-the-counter and prescription non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have dominated the market for dealing with arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and other inflammatory illnesses for decades. But recent reports have questioned just how effective and safe they are, in older patients especially. 

CBD research – and studies on other cannabinoids – have found that anti-inflammatory effects can be produced via the ECS. Cannabinoids nurture the immune system to find balance between pro and anti-inflammatory signals. THC does this by binding to CB2 receptors; CBD is more nuanced in boosting endocannabinoid presence so this role can be fulfilled naturally.

This link between the ECS and the immune system is a recent discovery. Cannabinoid science has historically been stunted due to prohibition. Many of the most important finds regarding CBD have come since that discovery in the early 1990s. With that in mind, it isn’t such a shock that CBD may treat conditions much more efficiently than drugs which have been used for many years do.

Final thoughts  

Various schools of medicine are going to need to pay much closer attention to cannabis and hemp plants going forward. The potential for CBD as a medicine looks enormous. Exactly what mental and physical conditions CBD is great for is, however, not crystal clear. But in 10 to 20 years’ time, it’s quite likely doctors will be prescribing cannabis and non-intoxicating CBD solutions for common ailments, that affect millions of us. 

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Exploring CBD effects with different products

Cannabidiol (CBD) really is a unique substance. It’s derived from hemp and cannabis, and is classified as a cannabinoid. But CBD is not like other cannabinoids found in these plants, as it regulates the endocannabinoid system (ECS), rather than having direct influence like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). 

Users are finding that CBD hemp oil has an astonishing array of health benefits. Furthermore, the effects that one can expect to receive vary from product to product. For instance, CBD vape juice effects are a world away from CBD cream effects. The impact of CBD also differs wildly from low to high doses. However, in many ways, this is great news. It means that savvy CBD users can cleverly harness the compound so that it works in a way which suits them.  

In this post, we will explore how different CBD products are used to relieve pain and inflammation, multiple sclerosis, anxiety disorders and forms of epilepsy. Hemp is used to make the CBD that is legal all over America, and while it’s officially a cannabis plant, it has little in common with even medical marijuana. That’s because CBD products have no THC. 

Read on to learn much more about: 

  • How to manage anxiety with CBD vape juice
  • Why CBD edibles work great for chronic pain
  • The effects of CBD creams on different skin conditions
  • The science behind nanotechnology and CBD water 
  • Which conditions respond well to CBD concentrate treatment 

CBD edibles effects

The unique selling point of CBD edibles is not really that they taste amazing (although they do), but because the CBD becomes active in the body gradually, rather than all at once. This works a treat for people with chronic symptoms, who want an efficient and economical CBD-infused product. 

A single dose of a CBD edible can provide effects that last for several hours. Moreover, unlike THC-rich edibles made from the marijuana plant, these hemp-based edibles don’t produce a psychoactive response. Therefore, users can trial higher dosages, without having to be concerned about uncomfortable side effects. 

CBD edibles are often used as a natural chronic pain remedy. Conditions like fibromyalgia and sciatica are made worse for patients by the fact that the pain rarely subsides. Therefore, any treatment needs to deliver benefits that are sustained. Not everyone is able to top up their dose every couple of hours, as would be needed with e-liquids and tincture oils. Edibles solve this problem. Not having to re-dose also makes them great for enhancing sleep quality. Research is showing that sleep is not just crucial for reducing fatigue, but for protecting brain health by preventing the accumulation of amyloid plaques which can cause Alzheimer’s and dementia. 

CBD oil effects

Tincture oils are the CBD product that were to thank for CBD’s emergence into America’s mainstream. Interest in CBD was stimulated after stories about how non-intoxicating oils made with the cannabis derivative could be therapeutic for epileptic children. The beauty of CBD oil is that it speedily takes effect, at a rate comparable to vaping e-liquid or smoking flower. This is essential when trying to tackle seizures, anxiety, stress, nerve pain and nausea, due to the intensity of these symptoms. 

CBD oil works more quickly than edibles, because most of the CBD is absorbed by blood vessels situated under the tongue. The CBD is passed through these, and can start having an effect almost immediately, reaching the bloodstream within seconds. CBD oil poses no major health risks. Users don’t need to heat the oil or inhale it.

CBD vape juice effects  

CBD vape oil is popular because it’s even faster than tincture oils. Furthermore, users can buy CBD vaping products to use separately or in combination with other e-liquids. Vapers love versatility, whether it’s with the equipment they are using or the e-juices they are vaping. 

Nobody is arguing that vaping is entirely safe, hence why non-vapers are hesitant to take their CBD in this manner. Vaping CBD may help those trying to quit smoking. Intriguingly, some studies suggest that CBD has anti-addictive properties which could be valuable to those attempting to quit smoking, and rid themselves from a nicotine addiction. 

CBD vape juice is popular for the same reason that tincture oils are, in terms of the conditions it can be used to treat. The instant blast of CBD is ideal for getting relief from anxiety and stress. Vaping is also appropriate for dealing with neuropathic pain. Vapers can choose between CBD-isolate e-liquids, and full-spectrum products which produce the ‘entourage effect’. Those vaping CBD as a substitute for anti-anxiety medication should perhaps stick to isolate e-liquids, as the effects of other cannabinoids on the mental disorder are less understood. 

CBD hemp flower effects

Smokers – both cannabis and tobacco – may feel comfortable lighting up a CBD joint made with hemp flower. CBD-rich bud is now available in the same way that THC-rich flower is for recreational users. And the best bid is that CBD flower is 100% legal and contains less than 0.3% THC! 

The great aspect of CBD flower is that there is so much variety in the terpenes, just as with regular marijuana. Sativas are good for an energizing, mental lift, while indicas are absolutely perfect for enhanced stress, anxiety and pain relief. Hybrids are there for those who want the best of both worlds. The effects of CBD are just like those expected from vaping – rapid, potent and good for around three hours. 

CBD cream effects 

Improve skin quality and manage pain by using CBD creams.  Creams are unlike any other product in the CBD industry. The CBD is absorbed via the skin, as opposed to via the mouth, in the form of inhalation, sublingual absorption or oral consumption. CBD applied in a cream stays in the skin. CBD is transported around the body with oils and e-liquids. But there are plenty of cannabinoid receptors from the ECS in the external organ to interact with and produce therapeutic effects. 

Essential oils and other ingredients can supercharge a CBD cream. Menthol, for instance, can be infused into pain creams. The ingredient provides mental and physical benefits through its cooling or ‘freezing’ effect. Creams are also effective as anti-inflammatories, calming the irritation that comes with acne, psoriasis and more. These natural topicals also tighten and revitalize the skin. This suggests a bright future for CBD in the anti-aging industry. 

Less explored but equally exciting is the potential of using two CBD products to combat the ailment. Take rheumatoid arthritis, for example, an autoimmune disease. Regulating the immune system is seemingly key to tackling the symptoms of this condition. While a CBD edible could be used to work with cannabinoid receptors throughout the body and the gut in particular, a CBD cream could be administered to the most painful areas. Combining a cream with an ingested CBD product is a great trick to activate cannabinoid receptors in the body’s internal networks, as well as the skin.  

CBD water effects

CBD water has sprung up recently as a healthy way of taking CBD. But it’s also unique. CBD water is the only product being made right now with nanotechnology. This process breaks down the CBD molecules so that the body can absorb them more easily. Nanotechnology perhaps doesn’t get the credit it deserves, as it promises to transform the market. While many consider CBD to really effective and beneficial because they’re getting great results from it, the reality is that only a small percentage of the active ingredients in a CBD product ever make it to the bloodstream.

This refers to the low bioavailability of CBD, which nanotechnology corrects by making the molecules smaller. In terms of effects, this means that the same dosage of CBD goes much further than if nanotechnology isn’t applied. CBD water is, therefore, a trailblazer for the industry. Products typically have very low doses of CBD, but are still more potent than normal. We must now wait to see if manufacturers are able to incorporate nanotechnology into other CBD products. Some companies are now making water-soluble CBD, which boosts bioavailability.  

CBD capsules effects 

CBD capsules have much in common with edibles, except it’s even easier to get the dosage right, and there’s no aroma to speak of. These products contain more than just CBD. Capsules can easily hold a wealth of extracts for additional health benefits. CBD capsules have a relatively slow absorption rate, however. The CBD takes even longer to be activated, as the cannabinoids can’t get into the bloodstream until the capsule itself has been broken down first. 

However, as with edibles, this slower absorption rate promotes long-lasting effects. With CBD in a capsule, the user knows the precise dose they are getting. This can be key with illnesses like schizophrenia and depression. It makes medicating with CBD a hassle-free experience. 

CBD gummies effects

Looking for a CBD edible product that is discreet, tastes awesome, but doesn’t shirk on the effects? CBD gummies may just fit the bill. Product packaging always states the amount of CBD in each gummy. Companies make fairly weak and really strong gummies to help with a range of health issues, from poor concentration to sleep disorders.

CBD chocolate effects and CBD candy effects

Pure cacao CBD chocolate is another delicious way of consuming CBD, with servings usually split up into squares. Manufacturers may mix the chocolate with additional beneficial ingredients. This makes them even better for general wellness. CBD hard candies are yet another popular edible. With these, it’s not necessary to take the whole dose, as it’s easy to just suck half and save the rest for later. 

CBD crystals effects 

CBD crystals are a type of concentrate which offer the most potent CBD experience of all, bar none. That includes CBD e-liquids. Most crystals are made with isolated CBD, although it’s possible to purchase concentrates created with full-spectrum extracts. 

However, isolated crystals are awesome as they can consist almost entirely of CBD – 99%+ CBD is standard for this market. That works wonders when treating the worst of symptoms, where a strong dose delivered in one or two hits is the only way to get relief. Vaping and dabbing are the primary intake methods for crystals. But the CBD is already in its active state, so will work as an edible. Crystals are also effective vape additives, and will dissolve into a vape tank to make it much stronger. 

Final thoughts 

We hope this guide to CBD products and their effects will give you more confidence about using CBD. We also hope it’s made you more comfortable about trialling edibles, concentrates, vape juices and more. If you have a secret or trick for getting more from your CBD product, we welcome you to share it with us in the comments. 


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Cannabis and CBD – legal, or not? 

The law can be a complicated matter, especially in the United States where federal and state law can be conflicting. This has been a significant issue in relation to cannabis, and more recently non-intoxicating cannabidiol (CBD) products. Since the mid-1990s, American states have started to enact marijuana reform, starting with medical cannabis legislation. This has now extended to recreational marijuana, which is now legal in 11 US states as of 2019. 

But with so many different cannabis products available, it’s a struggle for the average marijuana or CBD user to know what’s legal and what isn’t, and what their rights are. In this article, we’ve trawled through federal and state law so you don’t have to, painting a clearer picture of the legality of cannabis in CBD. Most of our focus is on the US, but we’ll also briefly cover the cannabis law in Uruguay, Canada, Europe and beyond. 

We’re going to be answering the following questions, and more:

  • Is cannabis oil legal in all 50 states?
  • Where is cannabis legal?
  • Can you travel with CBD cream, e-liquid and oil?
  • Is CBD oil legal in all 50 states?
  • Can anybody buy recreational marijuana in legal states?

Is cannabis oil legal in all 50 states?

No. While the term ‘cannabis oil’ can technically be used to describe hemp-derived CBD products, it overwhelming refers to cannabis with psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Federal law still classes marijuana as illegal. Indeed, cannabis is under the most restricted Schedule 1 grouping of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). 

However, several states have taken matters into their own hands, making recreational and medicinal cannabis legal. The first to do was California in 1996, when the electorate voted to pass a medical marijuana bill called Proposition 215. The West Coast state set the tone for others to follow, despite there being no change in stance at federal level. Medicinal use of cannabis for epilepsy, chronic pain, chemotherapy symptoms has become more widespread. As of July 2019, 33 states – or two-thirds of the country – has legalized medical marijuana, along with Washington D.C. 

Colorado legalized recreational marijuana in 2014 

In 2014, Colorado became the first state to approve recreational marijuana. This allowed anyone over the age of 21 to walk into a recreational dispensary and purchase cannabis flower, oil, vape juices and more. This was the first time that any American could legally use cannabis, without a prescription, since the effective prohibition of the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937. Oregon, Washington, California, Vermont, Nevada and more soon followed, with Illinois the most recent state to legalize in June 2019. To cash in on the soaring demand for potent weed, cannabis plants have become stronger thanks to modern cultivation methods. Although this is not without controversy, as some argue that this disruption of cannabinoids makes pot more dangerous, even more so with the production of high-strength concentrates.

The laws on marijuana vary from state to state. In Colorado, for instance, medicinal users are permitted to have up to 2 ounces of cannabis at any one time. Other states set limits on the amount of THC that is allowed. In Virginia, a medical cannabis dose must have no more than 10mg of THC. Critics say that this restricts the benefits that MMJ can offer to patients. Furthermore, many states limit the conditions where medical cannabis can be offered. This is in contrast to California, where patients can quite easily get hold of an MMJ card. They can then walk into a dispensary and purchase the products that they are entitled to. 

Even in some places where recreational marijuana is legalized, people cannot always access it easily. In Washington D.C., for example, while possession of cannabis is legal, the sale of it is not. 

Benefits of cannabis legalization 

Cannabis legalization is ultimately proving to be a great victory for the American people, in terms of freedom and health. More clinical trials are now vital because of the increased use. This is almost certain to throw up further medicinal uses, which for some conditions, could replace prescription drugs. Cannabis is popular as it causes fewer side effects. Many also report getting benefits from marijuana they weren’t expecting. This could be down to the unique effect that cannabinoids have on the body, by reacting with the endocannabinoid system (ECS).

Moreover, while the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has always had the power to override state law and raid dispensaries, attitudes are changing. The US public is now overwhelming supportive of legal marijuana. The social battle for cannabis has been won thanks to states legalization, and the clear medicinal benefits that is bringing. The DEA increasingly has bigger issues to handle, with the opioid crisis, and also the increasing presence of harmful, synthetic drugs.

Federal legalization of cannabis containing THC may still be a way off. Much depends on political circumstances. Although this would likely be a bipartisan issue that Democrats and Republicans could work together on. If cannabis is legalized soon, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) would likely want to have a role in product regulation. 

Is CBD oil legal in all 50 states?

Now we have summarized the legal status of cannabis, let’s move onto the chemical compound of CBD, and the industrial hemp plant. This is an area where the federal government has become much more involved in during the 2010s. However, the emergence of a CBD industry was an unintended effect of the legalization of hemp products in 2014. The 2014 farm bill did not mention CBD once. The law simply allowed for the sale of hemp products with less than 0.3 percent THC. Hemp has a number of other uses, such as to make clothing and rope. 

However, this loophole meant that companies started to spring up selling CBD products to all 50 states. While the farm bill suggested there was nothing wrong with this, the Schedule 1 status of CBD as a cannabis-derived substance posed a problem. This was clarified in the 2018 farm bill, which legalized hemp cultivation across the country. Republican Senate leader Mitch McConnell was a strong advocate for the bill. The Kentucky senator wants to kickstart hemp farming in his own state. Kentucky was big on hemp production before the plant was banned in the 1930s.

Yes, CBD is federally legal  

Therefore, according to federal law, we can now say that CBD is legal in all 50 states. There are very few FDA-approved products, however. Epidiolex is currently the only CBD medicine on the market, and is used to treat epilepsy. The CBD products that the average American citizen can buy are sold as hemp supplements. These work just the same, and are made from natural hemp extracts. 

But it has been up to manufacturers to effectively self-regulate. With the FDA not yet involved, CBD businesses send their hemp oil products to third-party labs for testing and analysis. This system works pretty well, and has served to distinguish reputable businesses from those selling snake oil. When the hemp-derived CBD industry first emerged, some dodgy companies were diluting the CBD, if they were even including it at all. 

CBD products must also be checked because of THC levels. The hemp plant is not THC-free, it just has a very low amount of it. CBD-isolate products are manufactured to have 0% THC. But full-spectrum CBD products are created with full-plant extracts, so may have a small concentration. Providing this is kept within the 0.3% maximum set by recent farm bills, there is no legal problem. 

Taking cannabis or CBD products on planes

Because cannabis remains prohibited at federal level, it’s illegal to take any THC-containing marijuana product on a plane. This still applies if you are travelling between legal states (e.g. California to Colorado). Airports are federal buildings, and the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) a federal agency that adheres to federal law. By the same logic, it’s not permitted to take cannabis across state lines – again, even between pro-cannabis, legal states. 

The law on taking CBD products on planes is not as clear-cut. But considering the recent changes in CBD law, there shouldn’t be an issue travelling with hemp-derived products. CBD could potentially be very useful for nervous travellers hoping to calm their anxiety before a flight. Products may also help with sleep if going on a long journey. 

A recent TSA update clarified that carrying some CBD oil is now okay. It’s probably best to only travel with the necessary quantity, and not to be using a product that looks too much like cannabis and may arouse suspicion.

The law on cannabis outside of America 

America gets the most attention regarding recreational cannabis, as the first major country where any form of legalization became a reality. But a month prior to Colorado’s new dawn, the South American nation of Uruguay also approved cannabis. However, the country holds a much different perspective, and has not capitalized on its early status as a trailblazer.

While Uruguay has legalized cannabis, it wasn’t out of any affinity for the plant. Rather, the law was to combat health problems and drug-related crimes. The country has never criminalized drug possession at a personal level. Uruguayans can grow up to six plants for personal use, or up to 99 if part of a registered growers’ club. Since 2017, approved pharmacies have been able to sell cannabis at a commercial level.

Canada made headlines in 2018 by passing The Cannabis Act. This made them the first G8 nation to legalize recreational pot. Canada hopes that a legal industry will reduce or eliminate the cannabis black market, and make it more difficult for those underage to get hold of marijuana. Cannabis is legal at 18 or 19 in Canada, slightly younger than in the US. 

Meanwhile, European nations are also getting curious about cannabis. The Netherlands leads the way, decriminalizing marijuana in the 1970s. This has made Amsterdam a hub for weed smokers worldwide. Coffeeshops can sell marijuana to Dutch people and foreigners. Patrons tend to smoke inside, but the police tend to turn an eye to public smokers, providing they aren’t making a nuisance.

CBD in Europe 

CBD is also making its mark in Europe. Some countries, including Switzerland, permit up to 1% THC in CBD products, more than three times the US limit. In the UK, however, the THC threshold is a little lower at 0.2%. There isn’t really any scientific evidence suggesting what the THC limit should be – politicians are just forced to choose a number. 

The UK also recently legalized medical cannabis. However, despite this happening almost a year ago, very few prescriptions are being made. Doctors are hesitant to do so without clinical research. This is likely an indication of the problem other countries will face if and when they legalize, and particularly those with government-run healthcare systems. It also emphasizes just how important more research is in the coming years. Now marijuana is more prevalent, public demand is likely to keep increasing. 

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13 famous people who use CBD or cannabis 

With cannabis and subsequently cannabidiol (CBD) use becoming more widespread in mainstream society, it’s no surprise that many celebrities are now using these products as well, for both therapeutic and recreational reasons. 

In this article, we are going to look at 13 celebrities who use CBD or cannabis and have become vocal advocates for both psychoactive and non-intoxicating products. You should always trust scientists over celebrities when it comes to understanding the benefits of CBD and cannabis. But their comments can give a good idea of – and put a human touch on – the benefits of this famous herb. 

Olivia Wilde 

The well-known American-Irish actress Olivia Wilde has become a strong supporter of CBD. She particularly likes CBD lotions and creams, which can be used on the skin to provide relief from aches and pains. This is really important for Wilde, who has a heavy schedule on Broadway, and needs to stay in tip-top condition. She has previously noted that Broadway plays tend to “wreck” her body, and cause tightness in the neck. CBD topicals are an excellent way of managing the pain, without having to use addictive opioid painkillers. 

The jury on CBD’s pain-killing potential is still out for now. There are many people who say that CBD hemp oil, e-liquid and creams work, but there is an absence of compelling clinical evidence. This is understandable, since CBD has not been extensively studied. Researchers must now establish if CBD is a powerful painkiller, or whether users are just enjoying a large placebo effect. 

Jennifer Aniston

Jennifer Aniston has gone on the record saying that she takes CBD products, to help with “pain, stress and anxiety.” She has explained to the media how CBD offers the benefits of cannabis, but doesn’t give the ‘high’ that typically comes with the plant. 

Indeed, CBD is the perfect form of cannabis for those struggling with anxiety. The ‘high’ that comes from THC can actually make anxiety worse, as it briefly distorts the user’s perception of reality. CBD, in contrast, does not affect those who take it in such a way. Instead, CBD calms the brain down. This shows why it can also help with stress. Key to reducing stress levels is to stop excessive activity in the brain and to stay in a tranquil state. Research indicates that CBD makes a vital chemical change in the body to alleviate stress, limiting levels of cortisol, a stress hormone. 

Alessandra Ambrosio

Brazilian Victoria’s Secret model and actress Alessandra Ambrosio is yet another famous name who indulges in CBD’s benefits, for sleep and anxiety. She has commented that to perform at her best at a fashion show, it’s essential to get a good night’s sleep. CBD appears to have value for sleep, having a regulating effect on the sleep-wake cycle via the endocannabinoid system. Moreover, relaxing the body and reducing anxiety is also conducive to better sleep, and less fatigue during the day. A healthy sleep pattern is also good for long-term brain health. 

Furthermore, Ambrosio has also spoke highly of another new medical marijuana-type product: CBD water, which she says delivers a natural boost. CBD water is certainly innovative, making the cannabinoids more potent than usual thanks to novel nanotechnology. This tech breaks down the CBD molecules so that the body can absorb them into the bloodstream more efficiently. Hence, a 5mg dose of CBD that has been subjected to nanotechnology brings about a stronger effect than a 5mg dose which hasn’t. 

Nate Diaz 

Mixed Martial Arts fighter Nate Diaz caused a real stir a few years ago when he was spotted vaping CBD in a post-fight press conference. Asked about what he was taking (many had assumed it was cannabis with THC!), Diaz went into detail about the properties of CBD and how it enhances quality of life. He focussed particularly on CBD helps with recovery after a taxing fight in the octagon. 

Nate Diaz’s CBD use may have been controversial, but he has perhaps helped to normalize the substance, and eliminate the stigma surrounding it. Athletes who use CBD may want to thank Diaz for the positive publicity, as it all has helped with getting the World Anti-Doping Agency to take CBD off their banned list. This move was finally taken at the beginning of 2018. 

Michael J Fox 

Michael J. Fox is a Canadian-American actor perhaps best remembered for his starring role in the popular trilogy Back To The Future. But more recently, Fox has made headlines for his CBD advocacy, especially in regard to its potential therapeutic effects for Parkinson’s disease. Fox was diagnosed with the neurodegenerative condition at 29, and has spoken openly about it in an attempt to increase awareness and promote increased research. 

Evidence on CBD for Parkinson’s indicates that the compound boosts dopamine safely, without adverse effects. This seems to improve mobility, reduce seizures and shaking, and ease pain. Many clinical studies still need to be carried out, but CBD certainly holds promise for Parkinson’s. Fox started the Michael J Fox foundation several years ago, which has pumped more than $600 million into clinical research for Parkinson’s. Fox also uses CBD himself to manage symptoms, allowing him to keep up to speed with his busy life. 

Kim Kardashian 

Kim Kardashian is one of the most famous people in the world, with a Twitter following in excess of 60 million. Anything that the American personality and socialite does gets notice, which recently has been fantastic news for CBD. Kardashian brought the compound even more into the limelight by hosting a CBD-themed baby shower for her fourth child. 

Products featured included CBD body oils and bath salts, and the baby shower also focussed on sound healing and meditation. While some thought that it was all a little over the top, nobody can deny that CBD promotes wellness. Hemp oils and bath oils are wonderful for the skin, with the antioxidants having a unique anti-aging effect. Infused salts make for extra muscle relaxation and pain relief while bathing. We look forward to Kim talking more about CBD to her social media followers. 

Mike Tyson

Former heavyweight champion boxer made the news in 2019 after referring to CBD as a “miracle” oil. He made the comments on Joey Diaz’s podcast. Tyson went on to talk about the various types of CBD-infused product available, such as gummies and tincture oils. 

Tyson has made a few waves by being a cannabis advocate. He is now operating a marijuana farm, called ‘Tyson Ranch’, which creates products for a dozen dispensaries across America. Tyson features products made from hemp, as well as psychoactive weed. There is some talk about using CBD for athletic performance. We are keen to see if Tyson makes products with this in mind in the future. 

Morgan Freeman

Actor Morgan Freeman has pushed strongly for medical cannabis reform in the past. He is now showing his support of CBD, too. This has come after being involved in a car accident in 2008. Before which, it seems Freeman only used to stump for cannabis from a freedom perspective. 

But the 82-year-old has gone on the record about how he uses CBD to relieve chronic pain. Freeman’s story is a familiar one for many seniors. While cannabis use has been frowned upon for decades, and elderly patients have tended to avoid it, many have now reached the age where they simply want a treatment that works. 

Tom Hanks 

Tom Hanks has become a very powerful voice for CBD over the past few months. The Forrest Gump actor was diagnosed with Type II diabetes several years ago. he went public about it back in 2013 during an interview on David Letterman’s chat show. Hanks has also told CNN about how CBD has helped him to manage anxiety, and various “aches and pains.”

The American is now working with a Cornell University student, who is looking into the possibilities of CBD for diabetes. There is little definitive yet about the effects of CBD for the condition. However, hopefully, with Hanks’ financial muscle, we’ll get some high-quality, comprehensive studies soon. 

Tommy Chong

Tommy Chong has always been immersed in counter-culture movements and has talked about the value of cannabis to anybody who will listen for decades! And he has also given the thumbs up to CBD products, too, even developing his own range. Chong has even gone so far as to say that CBD will “change the world”. Big talk, but there are plenty who would agree given the recent scientific breakthrough, and people’s own use of the cannabinoid.

Snoop Dogg

He is one of America’s most famous rappers. And the one thing that just about everybody associates with Snoop Dogg, after his music, is marijuana. Snoop is often seen puffing on a joint, or looking pretty stoned if he isn’t! He now uses his mammoth social media followings to talk about weed, spreading the word. 

The ‘Young, Wild and Free’ singer has developed his own cannabis products, and accessories. He caused a stir in the summer of 2019 after publishing a viral meme about how cannabis was safer than alcohol. Footballer and notoriously heavy drinker Paul Gascoigne, who was featured in the meme, went so far as to call out Snoop Dogg for a boxing match.  


Despite her huge media profile, the singer Rihanna wasn’t even afraid to show her support for cannabis, even before it was cool. Several times the Barbadian has been pictured smoking a joint. Some have been critical about her marijuana use, since she has a young daughter, but that hasn’t stopped her. 

However, it’s not always been pretty. A hotel kicked RiRi out after she was caught smoking marijuana back in 2010. In 2012, she was even bold enough to roll up a joint on a bodyguard’s head. A couple of years later, there was talk that Rihanna was trying to cut back on her weed consumption somewhat, to healthier and more sustainable levels. 

Seth Rogen 

The actor Seth Rogen has become more associated with cannabis and CBD has his fame and grown, trying to make good on his increased public profile. Rogen has even gone to Congress in an effort to get the laws on CBD changed for the better. 

Rogen is not shy to be seen smoking a joint. But one of his main interests is for the legalization of CBD has medication for Alzheimer’s disease. As with many areas of CBD science, there is a lack of firm clinical research. However, there is some encouraging data from small trials.  


CBD has relaxing benefits and the idea of taking it is less controversial than ever. Here’s a quick summary of who it can help: 

  • Those who want to avoid using too many painkillers 
  • People with high anxiety and stress levels 
  • Those not getting enough sleep 
  • Anyone who wants to enhance skin quality 
  • People looking to maintain and boost brain health


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Reviewing the last 12 months of CBD research 

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a substance that many experts are desperate to start learning more about. Derived from hemp and cannabis, CBD is a cannabinoid that appears to produce an array of therapeutic health effects. CBD reacts with the endocannabinoid system (ECS), making the compound unique. Scientists discovered the ECS in the 1990s.

CBD research has been slow to get going. But the recent legalization of the hemp plant has spawned a booming market for non-intoxicating, innovative CBD products. The likes of CBD vape juice and CBD oil are sold as food supplements for general wellness. Some brands are taking CBD very seriously, however, with Green Roads making all of their products with a pharmaceutical-grade formula. As of 2019, one of the only FDA-approved uses for CBD and cannabinoids is epilepsy. A drug incorporating THC and CBD is also prescribed in several countries for multiple sclerosis. 

In this post, we’ll look at a few of the most important CBD studies of the past 12 months. Our focus will be on the following, and more:

  • How CBD oil may ease depression
  • The possible benefits of CBD for sleep and anxiety disorders
  • CBD’s value as an antibiotic
  • Whether CBD helps to relieve chronic pain
  • CBD’s potential to treat addiction

The potential of CBD for depression

Researchers are being forced to look at depression differently, due to the long-term problems of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Doctors first prescribed SSRIs in the 1980s. Patients have reported reduced benefits over time. This indicates a placebo effect has enhanced the supposed effectiveness of these antidepressants. Furthermore, some patients end up stuck on treatment plans for years, and have to deal with mental dependence and side effects. But if boosting serotonin is not the answer to depression, what is?

Researchers suggest that CBD’s anti-inflammatory effect could be key. Good brain health is not only down to chemical factors, but physical health too. The effects of CBD on neuroinflammation were analyzed by experts from Europe and South America. A study published last year in Molecular Neurobiology, a peer-reviewed journal showed the results. The scientists found that CBD significantly reduced depressive symptoms in a rodent model. 

Hippocampus study

Moreover, CBD seriously outperformed SSRIs in terms of a fast response. Just one dose boosted brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signalling, which is essential for neurogenesis, and synaptogenesis in the prefrontal cortex. This part of the brain is implicated in complex cognitive functions, such as personality expression and regulating social behavior. The effects of CBD lasted in the mice for almost one week. The scientists determined the benefits were wearing off when BDNF declined. 

Another 2018 study revealed that CBD enhances BDNF levels in the dorsal hippocampus. The effects took hold at a similarly rapid speed. However, the researchers noted that CBD could also be alleviating depression via other brain regions.

These are exciting findings, and are at least a clear sign that depression is not just relieved by addressing chemical imbalance. Scientists now have lots of novel treatment avenues to explore. Additional research will confirm if these effects also occur in humans. And to find out what the appropriate daily dose of CBD is. Mice and rats have similar brains to humans. Preliminary experiments for new drugs are, therefore, tested on them first.

Studies on more brain regions will  paint a bigger picture on CBD’s antidepressant potential. Also, some scientists believe that good gut health may be crucial for treating or preventing depression. 

2019 study on CBD for anxiety and sleep disorders

CBD may help with both anxiety and sleep conditions. A large-scale retrospective case series featured in The Permanente Journal put that to the test in 2019. The research was carried out at the Wholeness Center in Colorado, United States, which is focussed on mental health.

The vast majority of patients enjoyed reduced anxiety and improved sleep quality, thanks to CBD treatment. CBD’s effectiveness for sleep slightly declined after the second month, with 56% finding benefit compared to 67% on the first. In contrast, 79% and 78% of participants experienced less anxiety after the first and second months respectively. 

The findings suggest that CBD does have a medicinal effect for both anxiety and sleep. And the chemical compound has a sustained effect versus the former. Encouragingly, CBD was well-tolerated among the patients, with only two out of 72 quitting due to fatigue. Those who did report a sedative effect from CBD noted that the symptoms subsided after a few weeks. 

The study had some drawbacks, as it was naturalistic with no comparison group. Hence, there was risk of an unaccounted for placebo effect. The researchers noted this could have been greater than normal due to the medical marijuana plant’s notoriety among society. Also, younger patients made up the bulk of the investigation. But other, more rigorous data points toward CBD helping with anxiety. Clinical trials on CBD’s value for anxiety and sleep are now vital. 

CBD as an antibiotic 

The rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is one of the biggest and under-discussed threats to global public health today. Our increasingly interconnected world, abuse of antibiotics and unpurified drinking water are all contributing to the emergence of dangerous, deadly bacteria. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention figures state that more than two million Americans are infected annually by antibiotic-resistant bacteria. This causes in excess of 20,000 deaths per year. 

The world is in dire need of new antibiotics that can fight the likes of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). A small 2008 study highlighted the antibiotic potential of cannabinoids from the cannabis sativa plant. The investigation looked at CBD, as well as cannabinol (CBN), cannabichromene (CBC), cannabigerol (CBG) and psychoactive delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The researchers concluded that cannabinoids have impressive antibacterial properties. But they could not decipher the mechanism in which they worked to produce this effect. 

In 2019, an Australian study advanced on the 2008 research, focussing specifically on CBD. They found that CBD could act against staph and strep gram-positive bacteria strains in lab conditions. CBD successfully treated mice with skin infections. However, CBD was not as effective against gram-negative bacteria, which is more notorious for becoming antibiotic-resistant. That said, these findings are a big breakthrough, and should strengthen calls for more cannabinoid antibiotic research. Frustratingly, Mark Blaskovich, the study’s leader, couldn’t expand on why CBD exhibits an antibacterial effect.

Does CBD provide genuine pain relief?

This is the question many cannabis advocates and potential users are keen to know the answer to. Medical cannabis with THC is a potent painkiller as a CB1 receptor agonist. THC is more powerful than endocannabinoids, and significantly suppresses pain sensitivity. However, it’s less apparent whether CBD can produce the same effect, or a similarly helpful one. A questionnaire of CBD users in 2018 found chronic pain as the top reason for taking CBD. But this was merely an analysis of what people were using CBD for, rather than clinical evidence. Hence the potential for a strong placebo effect, as mentioned in other studies.

PAIN, a peer-reviewed journal, published a study in 2019 on how CBD reduces pain in a neuropathic pain model. The research centered around CBD’s effect on 5-HT (serotonin) neuronal activity. Rats treated with CBD for one week experienced less mechanical allodynia, reduced anxiety and normalized activity among serotonin neurotransmitters. CBD’s analgesic response also involved TRPV-1 (vanilloid) receptors. The results suggest that CBD may be effective at relieving nerve pain and more. The logical next step is to conduct a study on humans.

CBD for inflammation 

Inflammation has many causes, including poor diet, autoimmune diseases and exposure to pollutants. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, coeliac disease and hepatitis are all types of inflammatory condition. Over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) ease mild inflammation. For severe illnesses, stronger, prescription NSAIDs are used. Others prefer natural remedies, such as turmeric, and indeed CBD. 

Arthritis is very painful, due to the breakdown of cartilage surrounding the joints. CBD relieves arthritis by working with the ECS. The cannabinoid indirectly regulates the CB2 receptor. Most endocannabinoids are CB2 receptor agonists that moderate inflammatory and anti-inflammatory signals in the immune system. This promotes a more balanced response, reducing the volatility that the immune system is known for. This makes CBD an indirect painkiller. Some CBD products mix the cannabinoid with turmeric for enhanced natural effects. And this anti-inflammatory effect may also be crucial to easing brain inflammation.

Exploring CBD’s anti-addictive properties

The world has a growing problem with addiction, whether it’s to drugs, gaming or even social media. The reward pathways of addiction that the brain formulates over time can be incredibly hard to break. Exciting psychedelic research shows huge promise for the future. But what about treatments that we know are safe, and are available now? Enter CBD. 

Small studies over the years have documented CBD’s anti-addictive potential for alcohol and smoking. Not only does breaking these habits improve physical health, but it enhances the quality of life and reduce mental stress. Nobody wants to live with a drug addiction. Nowadays, this even applies to those taking prescription medication. Opioids are highly addictive, but have been a must-have for chronic pain patients. However, these and similar drugs are risky. Nearly 200,000 Americans have died from prescription drug overdoses since 1999. 

The American Journal of Psychiatry published a study in 2019 showing CBD’s potential for those with heroin abuse disorder. The high-quality investigation was double-blind, randomized and placebo-controlled to improve the results. Researchers analyzed the short and long-term effects of CBD in participants. They found that CBD decreased cravings and anxiety for heroin than the placebo did. Importantly, there were “no serious adverse effects” from CBD administration on cognition.

The study’s lead investigator said the results showed “significant promise” for CBD. The researchers had previously looked at CBD’s anti-addictive potential for heroin in animal studies.

Final thoughts 

The restrictions around CBD research are beginning to fall away. Long kept as a Schedule I substance, CBD is now permitted in hemp strains with less than 0.3% THC. While full legalization according to federal law will help more, we are beginning to get an idea of CBD’s value. For example, the 2018 questionnaire on CBD usage showed how Americans are benefitting from products. This may not be a substitute to clinical trials, but it highlights the fields which need most attention from researchers.

CBD has a wealth of therapeutic promise, and researchers have barely scratched the surface. In future experiments, it will be vital to analyze the benefits of CBD alone versus full-plant cannabis extracts. Research in this field shows that cannabinoids have a synergistic effect when consumed in whole-plant form. This is the ‘entourage effect’. With more than 100 cannabinoids to study, it could take decades to uncover the best cannabinoid treatments for various illnesses.

Have you found an interesting use for CBD from taking it yourself? Share it with us in the comments below. We would love to hear your insight!

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CBD: Conditions that products may help with

If there’s one downside about the current cannabidiol (CBD) industry, it’s that users don’t always know which products to take. CBD must be marketed as a food supplement rather than a medicine. This restricts the claims that companies are allowed to make about their products. Therefore, some end up with a CBD product that may work, but doesn’t provide really efficient relief. Of course, it’s possible to experiment with different types of CBD, but this can be costly and time consuming if you don’t know exactly what you’re looking for. 

In this article, we are going to list several medical conditions that CBD can be used to help with. We’ll discuss the symptoms of these illnesses, and highlight which products are likely to be most effective as a result. Keep in mind that CBD still hasn’t been proven for many of these disorders. That’s why brands must be careful regarding what they say about them and the potential benefits. But this post will cover ailments that people are already using CBD to manage, and feature scientific research where available.

After reading this post, you’ll be up to speed on:

  • What CBD product to use for anxiety 
  • How to relieve pain with CBD
  • The best CBD product for migraines
  • What CBD product to use for sleep
  • How to reduce inflammation with CBD
  • And much, much more

CBD vape oil for anxiety 

Mental health is a hot topic nowadays, with people perhaps more comfortable than ever before to speak up about what’s troubling them internally. In addition to combating stress, depression and possibly post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), CBD has also shown potential for anxiety. We know that anxiety affects tens of millions of Americans, but existing treatments for the condition do not work nearly quickly enough. 

A number of reviews and small clinical trials on CBD have been conducted during the 2010s. Effective anti-anxiety drugs tend to be serotonin 1A receptor agonists, while having a modulating impact on GABA neurotransmitters. CBD does both, and the general regulating effect of the cannabinoid on the endocannabinoid system (ECS) could also be beneficial.

In particular, CBD vape oil really gets to the root of anxiety, by rapidly suppressing the acute symptoms when they arise. Patients can experience anxiety attacks anytime, anyplace, hence why it’s so important that any CBD remedy is efficient. Vape pens are portable, and an inhaled CBD dose has an effect within minutes. This preserves quality of life in a way that slow-acting SSRI drugs don’t. 

Anxiety sufferers may want to experiment with full-spectrum, indica-dominant vape juices. These capitalize on the anxiolytic qualities of linalool and other calming terpenes. For others, pure, CBD-isolate vape oils which don’t have a sedative effect will suffice.

CBD oil for anxiety 

Vape oil is recommended because of how rapidly the CBD has an effect. But those who would rather avoid inhaling altogether – even if it is vapor and not smoke – can relieve their anxiety symptoms with a CBD tincture oil. 

Dosing with these is easy – just fill the dropper and apply under the tongue. After holding for a couple of minutes, allowing for the blood vessels to sublingually absorb the oil, swallow and wash the mouth with a glass of water. This is a completely safe way of taking CBD, and the most instant form of consumption for health-conscious users. Different strengths of CBD oil and e-liquid are available to tackle the varying severity of symptoms experienced. 

CBD edibles for anxiety could still hold some value among patients with chronic symptoms who need a more economical treatment. These products are ideal if anxiety and nervous energy is always an issue, as opposed to a condition that comes and goes in waves. Edibles may be more suitable in this case as the CBD remains active for longer. 

CBD oil for migraines 

CBD’s therapeutic potential for migraines has been researched for the best part of 20 years. The findings have come as part of a wider investigation on the ECS, and what happens when it falls into dysregulation. Experts have suggested that ECS dysfunction may be the underlying cause of migraines. The ‘aura’ symptoms in particular, which makes migraineurs more sensitive to light and sound, have been pinned on CB1 receptor dysfunction.

As with anxiety, migraine symptoms are acute. The cluster headaches and increased sensitivity mean any healing product needs to act fast to have a genuine medicinal effect. Both tincture oils and vape juices administer CBD’s properties swiftly, with the added benefit that it’s easy to consume large doses when using products with rich extracts.

The jury is still out on whether legal CBD products or actual medical marijuana with THC is best for migraines. A study has shown that a cannabinoid remedy with balanced concentrations of THC and CBD is, overall, better than the migraine drugs used at present. This takes into account the therapeutic value and side effects of each treatment.

CBD edibles for sleep

Falling asleep is one thing, staying asleep is something else. If the former is your issue, then you may only need CBD oil for insomnia. However, if a sleep condition or chronic pain is affecting quality of sleep and causing fatigue, CBD gummies or syrup may serve you better. Uninterrupted sleep is also vital for brain health – the deep sleep phase is when the brain has a chance to cleanse itself of harmful plaques and toxins.

CBD’s benefits for sleep are not fully understood. The compound likely offers a combination of physical relaxation, pain relief, reduced anxiety and stress, and sleep-wake cycle regulation. Keeping the latter in balance is crucial for a good sleep pattern. The sleep-wake cycle emits and stifles hormones at different points in the day. For instance, calming melatonin is released from the pineal gland at night. 

CBD sleep gummies can last for up to eight hours thanks to the steady absorption of cannabinoids. Therefore, time your dose around half an hour before planning to sleep, as this gives the effects chance to kick in. CBD edible products are manufactured by multiple leading brands, such as HempBombs and Green Roads.

CBD vape juice for pain

Suffering from back pain, nerve pain, fibromyalgia or maybe sciatica? The good news is that there’s a new treatment on the block for these intensely painful conditions: CBD. And it’s much less harmful than the opioid painkillers which are currently the number one option for severe pain. CBD interacts naturally to ease painful ailments, lowering pain sensitivity through the ECS. CBD, unlike medical cannabis with THC, can be safely used at any time of day, as it doesn’t cause mental or physical impairment.

For maximum relief, a strong CBD vape juice or concentrate typically yields the best results. Koi CBD e-liquids are extra effective for neuropathic pain, where symptom severity ranges and can strike suddenly. Portable vape pens mean you’ll always be able to medicate quickly and discreetly. Use either a CBD e-liquid, or a CBD vape additive to go with your normal vape juice.

Many patients have found this transformative for both physical and psychological well-being. The ability to soothe pain on-demand reduces the adverse effect various conditions have on mobility. 

CBD cream for pain

Pain relief with CBD is also possible by using topical products, which are applied to the skin. Infused creams and salves are nothing new in terms of localized pain relief, but the benefits of CBD for this purpose are a recent discovery. ECS receptors are in the skin, as are vanilloid receptors which manage pain perception and can be triggered by CBD. 

Some users like to combine the painkilling effects of a vape oil with the direct relief offered by a topical. This method ensures that all the necessary receptors are activated. CBD salves for pain generally have a soothing effect, too, as companies like to include aloe vera, menthol and other cooling agents.

But let’s not discount CBD edibles for pain or capsules. These can also be harnessed for when you need extended analgesic effects. For daytime pain relief, sativas and hybrids will keep your energy levels up. In the evenings, why not fully relax with indica-dominant CBD gummies for pain. These offer a delightful body buzz, yet without the ‘high’. 

CBD oil for inflammation

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn’s, gout and scleroderma are all forms of inflammation. Caused by a problematic immune system, inflammation can be devastating for health if it goes untreated, destroying organs and body tissues. The primary classification of drugs for inflammation, non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) can be effective, but are far from perfect due to side effects.

CBD oil for inflammation is much more promising. Cannabinoids have an anti-inflammatory effect thanks to their impact on CB2 receptors in the ECS. Reducing inflammation is key, but immune system regulation is also important for tackling the cause of autoimmune diseases.  

CBD oil for arthritis 

Arthritis and joint pain are not only painful, but debilitating due to the effect they have on a person’s ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis can be remedied with CBD oil treatment. The former is an autoimmune disease, while the latter is an inflammatory illness.

CBD oil ensures consistent and steady relief. Because the oil is administered using a dropper, getting the dosage right could not be easier. To double-up the benefits of CBD, experiment using the oil with a topical product.

CBD oil for seizures 

Epilepsy is one of the few conditions where there is strong clinical evidence that CBD works. Cannabinoids reduce seizures in a novel way, as evidenced by the fact that CBD can treat conditions such as Dravet’s, where traditional anti-epileptic drugs have failed. There are multiple stories of children with epilepsy who have become essentially seizure-free with CBD, after initially suffering from hundreds of seizures per week. 

Epilepsy needs to be managed with medication that has a rapid onset of effects. It doesn’t make sense for vulnerable patients like children to smoke or vape CBD. Tincture oils provide the fast response needed, in a healthy manner.

CBD edibles for weight loss

Eating for weight loss may sound counterproductive, but not when you consider the appetite-regulating effects of CBD. The ECS regulates appetite and other variables at the CB1 receptor. It is thought that CBD can help to stimulate appetite in those not eating enough, while preventing excessive eating in those who consume too much. CBD appears to influence hunger hormones, which may explain this effect on appetite. 

Final thoughts 

Whether you use CBD oil for pain relief, CBD vape juice for anxiety or any product for any ailment, it’s most important that you are happy. This article is merely a guideline for which products are best-suited to various conditions. But everybody is different and has their own unique needs. Please share your own CBD treatment plan in the comments! Your advice may be helpful to others.

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A comprehensive review of CBD for addiction 

Addiction is a brain disorder that can have obvious or subtle effects. But either way, they ultimately prove to have an utterly devastating effect on quality of life. Finding working treatments for addiction has been a testing challenge for experts, due to the brain’s complexity. New drugs are being explored. These include psychedelics such as psilocybin (the main ingredient in magic mushrooms), and also the totally non-intoxicating cannabidiol (CBD) from the hemp plant. 

Research for addiction arguably hit its highest heights in the 1950s and 60s, when scientists in America and Canada were studying substances that have ultimately become banned. Cannabis is one such prohibited drug. While the ban was installed in the 1930s, the later Controlled Substances Act has made cannabinoid research more difficult ever since. 

But the revival of medical cannabis has set the stage for a new scientific era. Experts are increasingly optimistic about the value of CBD and the cannabis plant for opioid addiction and more. Even better, it appears that CBD oil produces few side effects, while working to reduce cravings. 

This post will concentrate on the following areas:

  • How the effects of CBD may help with heroin addiction 
  • Which cannabis product is best for addiction 
  • How to get the dosage right 
  • Why combining CBD with a holistic approach may yield better results
  • How the mild psychoactive properties of THC may combat addictive tendencies

CBD: a treatment for heroin and prescription opioid addiction?

Addictions don’t just affect physical health – they have a scarring mental effect too. Not being able to break an addictive habit can cause severe psychological torment. Many opioid users are finding themselves in this conundrum, and not all of them through their own doing. While heroin is a huge problem, prescription opioids have made drug addicts out of those who never imagined they would be. These drugs are also extraordinarily dangerous, due to the extreme overdose risk. In all, overdoses from prescription drugs have accounted for almost 200,000 American lives in the past 20 years. 

In 2019, the peer-reviewed American Journal of Psychiatry featured a study on CBD’s anti-addictive effects for heroin, and therefore prescription opioids, too. The experiment involved assessing the short and long-term benefits of CBD for opiate addiction. Cravings for heroin diminished, as did anxiety about getting a fix. Furthermore, the research found no serious side effects from CBD treatment on mental health. 

Yasmin Hurd, the lead researcher of the study has lots of experience in researching addiction treatments. Previous experiments on CBD’s benefits for heroin in animal models produced good results. Hence the desire for a similar study on humans. She said that the effects of CBD on “cue-induced drug craving and anxiety are particularly important.” Hurd noted how environmental cues are prone to triggering relapse and continued drug use.

The next step is for a more extensive study on CBD oil for addiction, to determine how the cannabinoid produces its effects. Neuroimaging studies should make it clearer which neuronal circuits CBD operates on to decrease anxiety and cravings. Then it will be vital to find out the “right dosing and dosing regimen.” 

Other promising research 

In 2015, a review found CBD beneficial for those with opioid, tobacco and cocaine addictions. Moreover, the treatment was successful without causing severe side effects or intense withdrawal symptoms. Even if psychoactive cannabis was being used to manage addiction, it is surely better for users to be on that than drugs with a high overdose risk. 

Several countries are studying the medical potential of CBD and marijuana in general. Clinical trials are still fairly sparse, but surveys and small studies are starting to come thick and fast. A 2009 study in the Journal of Neuroscience found that CBD may reduce addictive tendencies by affecting pleasure-reward mechanisms in the brain. Regulating opioid receptors appeared to be essential to this response. 

Which is best: CBD for addiction or cannabis? 

CBD certainly has intriguing anti-addiction potential. But could a full-plant cannabis extract that features delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) be even more effective? The whole plant offers extra benefits to the endocannabinoid system (ECS), courtesy of the ‘entourage effect’, a synergistic reaction between cannabinoids. However, products with THC come with some risks due to the psychoactive properties. Really strong pot may even be addictive, hence why some tout CBD for weed addiction.

Full-spectrum CBD products are the middle ground. These are made with CBD-rich hemp, but can incorporate all of the plant’s compounds, such as other cannabinoids and therapeutic terpenes. Hemp naturally generates hardly any THC, and hemp products with less than 0.3 percent THC are federally legal. Fast-acting CBD products are perhaps best for managing addiction anxiety and cravings. Tincture oils, smoked hemp flower and vape juices deliver the effects just a few minutes after consumption. 

Considering the risk of mental dependence due to THC’s psychoactive effect, anybody using cannabis for addiction must be careful. Strains with high levels of THC, which are typically taken for recreational purposes, are not likely to help. One-to-one strains where there is a roughly even balance of CBD to THC may work better. 

That said, a small study did find that THC helped to wean heroin-addicted monkeys from the drug. Any treatment that could help with opiate addiction should be explored extensively given America’s current crisis. And since the risk of addiction with THC is merely mental and not physical, it would still mark progress to get a patient off opioids and onto cannabis. 

Finding the perfect dose for addiction 

Getting the dosage right with both CBD and THC is tricky as the substances have biphasic properties. This means they affect the body completely differently depending on the amount. CBD, for instance, is energizing in small amounts and sedating in large doses. THC, meanwhile, alleviates anxiety in low doses, but can trigger it in higher levels. 

A study published studied how low doses of CBD and THC were effective at treating rodents addicted to cocaine and amphetamines. Combining a 5mg/kg dose of CBD with a 0.5mg/kg dose of THC treated the reward patterns and learned behavior associated with addictions. The CBD continued to benefit the rats for nearly two weeks after the cessation of treatment. 

Other important factors for treating addiction 

Getting to the root cause for an addiction is key when helping to treat a patient. There is usually a reason why someone becomes addicted to drugs or any negative habit. Addictions offer a brief period of pleasure and escapism from traumatic events and other life stresses. Talking through these issues with a counsellor or therapist, and identifying the thought processes that lead to addiction are vital in conjunction with any medical treatment. Digging into uncomfortable thoughts can be troubling in itself, but is ultimately beneficial providing the care is good. 

Interestingly, CBD combats the learned fear that can lead to addiction. This is perhaps down to CBD’s actions on the hippocampus, where short and long-term memory is regulated. An investigation studying learned fear found that patients given CBD were less scared of an electric shock than those treated with a placebo. Hippocampal neurogenesis (the creation of new brain cells) is one of CBD’s primary benefits. Studies have also found that CBD calms the brain, reducing anxiety by promoting balance between various neurotransmitters. An additional anti-anxiety comes from CBD being a 5-HT1A (serotonin 1A) receptor agonist. 

Reducing learned fear and anxiety can be helpful when tackling addiction. It makes it slightly easier to dredge up the truth and talk honestly about bad habits. This could be useful if taking CBD for alcohol addiction, perhaps. 

Managing addiction holistically 

Some find that a holistic approach to addiction works best. There may be other reasons why someone has an addiction to a particular substance, and is struggling to quit. It’s harder to quit alcohol, perhaps, in societies where alcohol is very prominent socially. The triggers for relapse are going to be much harder to avoid. CBD can help, but developing strategies to avoid relapse situations is important too. For most, willpower only goes so far. 

In addition, tackling an addiction indirectly could make all the difference. Someone taking opioid painkillers to manage a painful inflammatory illness should look at what’s causing the addiction. If a poor diet is to blame, then maybe eating healthier would reduce inflammation and the need to take opioids. On this post, there is also potential with CBD for food addiction, CBD for sugar addiction and CBD for comfort eating.

What’s the most effective way to beat an addiction? 

Scientists specializing in addiction are best in how to treat this issue. One side favors a ‘cold turkey’ approach, where the patient immediately stops taking the drug. Others prefer ‘harm reduction’, where intake of the addictive drug or habit is gradually rolled back, either by reducing the dose or changing to a less harmful substance. 

Some patients are able to successfully go ‘cold turkey’. Their willpower is able to hold off cravings and suppress anxiety. But a strong network of support is also vital for this risky strategy to work. Why risky? Should the ‘cold turkey’ approach fail, the patient not only has an addiction to manage, but it can become even harder to quit as they have already failed at least once. 

Harm reduction, however, allows the patient to build on progress. Consider someone taking CBD for THC addiction: reducing the number of joints smoked over a set period enables the patient to build on their good work, and cut intake back even more the next time. This lets the addict focus on the positives, rather than the ‘cold turkey’ method which can leave patients troubled by the psychological blows of relapses. 

Can psychoactive drugs help with addiction? 

We have spoken a little about THC’s anti-addictive effects. Research has shown that potent psychedelics can reduce alcohol and tobacco dependence. However, studies into the likes of LSD and psilocybin have been hard to come by, never mind a drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration. Psychedelics, of which THC is a mild one, have an effect on the central nervous system, but their impact appears much more profound than that. 

Chemically and physically, these drugs help to form new brain patterns. But the psychedelic experience itself is renowned for giving the user visuals, which sometimes help them to put their life in perspective. A heroin addict, for example, may be able to perceive how their addiction is hurting those around them while undergoing a psychedelic experience. However, much of this must be viewed as speculation, since we mostly only have anecdotes to go on, as opposed to hard scientific evidence. 

Final thoughts

CBD, cannabis and several other drugs have all demonstrated anti-addictive properties. With society facing huge addiction problems, all drugs with potential must be researched thoroughly in the coming decades. CBD is perhaps more promising than others since it is non-intoxicating.

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The comprehensive guide to edibles 

Edible cannabis products have become a favorite of both recreational and medicinal users over the years. When consuming cannabis in an edible, the effects are quite different than when smoking or vaping. It is the unique effects of edibles which have made them popular, whether they are rich in psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), or non-intoxicating cannabidiol (CBD).

This comprehensive guide to edibles will cover all your questions, highlighting the benefits of both CBD and THC edibles, and showing you how to take them responsibly. We’ll also give you some tips on how to make your own baked goods infused with cannabis.

After reading this post, you’ll know all about:

  • How CBD and THC edibles take effect in the body 
  • The different types of edible on the market 
  • How to use edibles safely 
  • The benefits of CBD and THC edibles 
  • How to make edibles for yourself 

How do cannabis-infused edibles work? 

CBD and THC are cannabinoids, that only start to have an active effect on physical and mental functioning when they reach the bloodstream. The majority of their actions are on receptors in the endocannabinoid system (ECS), but there is evidence that they also influence receptors elsewhere. 

Edibles, however, work differently to smoked and vaped cannabis products, where the cannabinoids are absorbed via the lungs. Instead, cannabinoids from edibles become active after passing through the walls of the stomach. In that sense, THC and CBD, two different forms of cannabis take effect in the same way. Because of this slower absorption, edibles do not boast the instant response that you get from smoking flower in a joint or vaping an e-juice. However, once the user does begin to feel the effects, these can last for several hours. Depending on preferences, this is why some find that eating cannabis is the best way to enjoy CBD or THC. 

What types of edible are there?

The edible industry is constantly expanding, in line with the ever-growing recreational cannabis and hemp-based CBD markets. In the early days, most used to make and take homemade edibles, such as brownies and cookies. That’s changing somewhat, with some brands now making gummy bears, hard candies, chocolate, and even lollipops and popcorn. There’s an edible product for everybody, and those trying to stay lean have the option of dried fruit or healthy drinks. 

What’s great about a professionally manufactured edible product is you can hone in your desired effect more easily, with the milligrams of THC or CBD present is made clear on the packaging. Getting the ideal low or high dose is no difficulty at all. This isn’t always the case with homemade edibles, where you have to expect some variance as it’s unlikely the hemp or cannabis extract will be spread evenly. 

How to use edibles safely 

As with any cannabis product, knowing how to use it safely promotes a positive and healthy experience. This is particularly important with THC edibles because of the psychoactive effect on the brain. But being clear about how to use edibles also helps with keeping costs down, by ensuring you don’t take too much or not enough. 

Furthermore, because of the delay in effect when taking edibles, that you don’t get with inhaled products, it’s important not to be impatient. Waiting a minimum of 30 minutes to an hour after your first dose is essential before you determine if the effects are appropriate. You can always take more if your dose is too weak, but a high dose is more difficult to correct.

CBD edibles 

The main thing you have to be concerned about with CBD edible use is drowsiness. CBD has no intoxicating properties, so you can comfortably take this type of edible in any situation and retain total control over mind and body. But a really strong dose could make you pretty tired a couple of hours into the experience. For this reason, and especially if enjoying an edible made with an indica-dominant extract, it’s best not to drive or operate heavy machinery after a high dose. 

In addition, going heavy on the dosage may not yield any extra benefits, as CBD’s effects eventually plateau. Don’t fall into the trap of thinking that a higher dose will necessarily be better, even if using for medical reasons. While there aren’t any health risks from a hefty dose, needlessly taking large quantities will hit your wallet. Settling on the perfect amount is trial and error for many users. Experiencing low, high and middling doses and adjusting accordingly is the best way of enjoying CBD efficiently long-term. 

THC edibles 

It’s with THC edibles that you have to be somewhat more careful. Ultimately, these are psychoactive drugs which have an unusual mental effect. While users get acquainted with these reactions over time, the potential for a bad trip is always there, even though THC is not considered a hard drug.

Firstly, finding a comfortable environment to ‘trip’ in is vital. Extroverts will probably want to be with friends where they can socialize. Introverts may be better suited to a quiet environment. Ultimately, a relaxing situation where you don’t have to take care of any responsibilities is the best time to use THC edibles. This applies even more so than when smoking weed as the effects are known to last for up to eight hours.

Keeping the dosage down initially is key, as an excessive quantity of THC could make for lots of anxiety and paranoia. Those familiar with cannabis edibles can be more liberal with their dose, but first-timers should definitely start small (perhaps 5 mg of THC). It’s not a race, and the first marijuana experience can be a defining one. You should do everything possible to make sure it’s a positive experience.

However, sometimes a trip goes bad for reasons outside of your control. If you do feel uncomfortable and want to bring your ‘high’ to an end more quickly, take some CBD. Research shows that CBD works in the opposite way of THC on the CB1 receptor. It’s this receptor that THC binds to in order to initiate a psychoactive effect, altering mood, appetite and perception of reality. In contrast, CBD inhibits this effect. The best products for reducing THC-induced anxiety are CBD-rich joints, vape juices and tinctures for the speedy effects. 

Benefits of CBD edibles 

CBD edibles have a number of therapeutic benefits. Because they last longer, they are a more effective way of using CBD for some conditions than other products. For example, those taking CBD for sleep purposes receive limited help from vape juices and tincture oils, as the effects wear off midway through the night. This is a nightmare if taking CBD for sleep apnea, chronic pain or any other nighttime disturbance. Edibles, however, provide an entire night’s relief from a single dose just before bedtime. 

The lasting effects also work a treat during the day. This is good for those who don’t have the opportunity to top up their dose often. This may be the case if the user needs to be discreet about their CBD use. However, taking edibles in the day can also be for economic reasons, particularly with chronic conditions. Why spend more on a product where you have to dose regularly, when one edible dose can give the necessary relief for hours?

Qualities of THC edibles 

THC edibles are brilliant for cannabis users who want to change up their high. Perhaps regular smoking has caused a tolerance buildup, meaning the marijuana doesn’t go as far as it usually does. Since the THC from edibles is absorbed differently, the tolerance is also different. For a while, the high will probably feel much more intense from an edible than with smoking. This is a pleasurable effect for those who are intent on getting as high as possible!

THC edibles can also be used medicinally. Some only experience the full advantages of cannabis with this psychoactive ingredient. Pain relief, for instance, is enhanced by THC because it significantly reduces pain perception. THC is also a very strong anti-inflammatory. One study found that THC is 20 times stronger than over-the-counter aspirin. Like with those who use CBD medicinally, the extended relief from edibles is often more economical. 

Furthermore, for those who want to enjoy weed when they can’t risk making a smell, edibles provide ideal coverage. While the edible itself may have a slight aroma, it’s not pungent by any means and can be discreetly taken in just about any scenario. 

How to make cannabis-infused food 

So, you want to make your own cannabis food products? This can be as easy or difficult as you want to make it! What many users like to do is make cannabutter or infused oil and then add it to a recipe. Or, you could buy a tincture oil and just mix it in to a recipe to provide the benefits of the cannabinoids.

To make cannabutter, get some standard butter and melt on low heat. Grind up the bud and add it to the saucepan, but ensure that the temperature stays between 160 and 200 Fahrenheit. It’s important that the THC and CBD is activated, but you don’t want to burn the compounds off. Stir the mixture regularly over the course of 45 minutes to an hour. Once satisfied, strain the butter with a cheesecloth to separate the bud. Store the butter in a glass dish with an airtight lid. 

You can use it immediately, or refrigerate and consume whenever you want. You can add as much hemp or cannabis flower as you need. It all depends on how strong you want the edibles to be!

Tips for the ultimate edible experience 

A trick that many edible users – both CBD and THC – are fond of is to combine the effects with vape juice or a joint. The delayed response of edibles means that you can get the effects to coincide, making for a stronger high, or more potent relaxation. It helps to know how long that edibles take to kick in beforehand. 

Roll up a joint before you start and then take the edible. After half an hour or so, or whenever you start to feel the edible kicking in, smoke and enjoy the ultimate edible experience! 

Final thoughts 

Hopefully this guide has shown you a lot more about how CBD and THC edibles work, and how you can benefit from them. Edibles are not just a gimmick, and have distinct value, whether you’re using cannabinoids medicinally or recreationally. They’re fun to make, although it’s certainly easier to buy some ready made products! If you do go for the latter, ensure that the company you’re buying from lab tests their products. You don’t want to end up with a dud.

Do you have any tricks you like to employ with edibles that we haven’t mentioned here? Or maybe you are taking edibles for a reason you’d like to share? Leave a comment below and join the conversation!